Connect and expand multiple infrastructures beyond municipal boundaries. 

Advocates

Compare

Sustainable South Bronx

“It's positive that there is transparency and rapid action being taken. The negative thing is that it's around large gray infrastructure.... conventional, highly engineered, over-engineered, stuff that's often times incredibly expensive. Money is going toward those things because that's what's shovel-ready, that's what's consistent, and that's what's counted upon.”(Jaime Stein, Underdome Interview) 

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

ARRA: Total Spending on Transportation. data source: www.fhwa.dot.gov

A Vision for High Speed Rail in America. source: whitehouse.gov

Of the ARRA's total $819 billion budget, $48.1 billion are earmarked for transportation infrastructure.  In September 2010, the Obama Adminstration prompted Congress to adopt a new plan calling for an additional $50 billion to the federal transportation budget for roads, railways, and air infrastructure.  Such investments, the Obama Administration argues, are necessary to create jobs, stimulate the economy, and allow for the distribution of goods, services, and information necessary to keep the country competitive.   

"We can put Americans to work today building the infrastructure of tomorrow. From the first railroads to the interstate highway system, our nation has always been built to compete. There's no reason Europe or China should have the fastest trains, or the new factories that manufacture clean energy products.... Tomorrow, I'll visit Tampa, Florida, where workers will soon break ground on a new high-speed railroad funded by the Recovery Act. There are projects like that all across this country that will create jobs and help our nation move goods, services, and information. ." President Barack Obama, State of the Union, Jan 2010

Among the questions facing the ARRA is one of scale. "The biggest question mark hovering over the future of high-speed rail in the United States is funding. The $8 billion allocated in the stimulus package [designated for high speed rail] is not nearly enough, particularly because it is spread across a range of projects around the country. California’s new system alone could cost $40 billion. State governments will shoulder a substantial share of the costs, and they are grappling with budget deficits." The New York Times

The ARRA is met with criticisms that it is doing both too much, and too little.  The Obama Administration's labor day proposals for a new transportation bill are unlikely to see any progress before the 2010 election.  But to others, stimulus actions are just laying the foundation for overhauls to planning and infrastructure necessary for job creation and strong energy policy. “A green stimulus is no replacement for comprehensive climate and energy policy.  Even the most aggressive short-term spending will have only a modest impact on US greenhouse gas emissions and dependence on foreign sources of energy... Although green recovery efforts alone will not achieve broader climate and energy objectives, they can reduce the cost of comprehensive climate and energy policy.  The most successful programs will be those that can be implemented quickly and can complement, rather than seek to replace, future energy and climate-specific legislation.” Green Global Recovery?

The ARRA's reach has been greatly influenced by the need for quick response, and its dependency on shovel-ready projects. Government projects must go through a process of public review under the 1969 National Environmental Policy Act.  A critic of this process, Vishaan Chakrabarti argues: "The rubber really hits the road on this when you talk to people in Washington about why there wasn't more infrastructure placed into the stimulus bill. And the answer is really simple: they tried. Actually, the White House did take a run at NEPA early on and was completely beat back by the environmental lobby in Congress who said, “You cannot. It is a sacred cow. You can't touch it.” And as soon as that happened, the White House then realized infrastructure is basically off the table, except for some roadway projects, because there’s no way you can argue it's stimulative. How's it going to be stimulative if it takes years to do?" Underdome Interview with Vishaan Chakrabarti

The emphasis on highway projects raises questions about the urban, rural, and suburban impact of the bill.  With $27.5 billion going to highway and bridge construction projects, the "most sweeping investment in our infrastructure since President Eisenhower built the Interstate Highway System in the 1950s" President Barack Obama on High Speed Rail is building on Eisenhower's extensive suburban and rural highway network.  And yet, while investments in urban infrastructure are significantly smaller, with $8.4 billion alloted for public transportation (for maintenance, new construction, and new equipment), these investments go hand in hand with housing assistance programs, community development grants, and the newly created Office of Urban Affairs led by former Bronx Borough President in New York and urban planner Adolfo Carrion.  

The Stimulus Bill also invested $9.3 in Amtrak and regional rail programs, shifting the relationship between urban and suburban territories by connecting urban regions spanning across city and state boundaries: "The high-speed rail corridors we've identified so far would connect areas like the cities of the Pacific Northwest; southern and central Florida; the Gulf Coast to the Southeast to our nation's capital; the breadth of Pennsylvania and New York to the cities of New England; and something close to my heart, a central hub network that draws the cities of our industrial heartland closer to Chicago and one another. Or California, where voters have already chosen to move forward with their own high-speed rail system, a system of new stations and 220 mile-per-hour trains that links big cities to inland towns; that alleviates crippling congestion on highways and at airports; and that makes travel from San Francisco to Los Angeles possible in two and a half hours." President Barack Obama on High Speed Rail

Sustainable South Bronx

Power infrastructures are changing.  Centralized power cycling capabilities are on the horizon, Con Ed is now in the business of transmission and distribution rather than production, and profits are being decoupled from power production.  Jaime Stein, Environmental Policy Analyst at SSBx explains these potentials:

“One of the, I think, the most exciting things is to organize energy users to use well-designed appliances. Imagine if twenty blocks in Brooklyn all had these air conditioners that could cycle on and off.  So whether or not people are in the house it can be comfortable if you run it for five minutes, take off for five minutes, run for five minutes, and shut off for five minutes. It would be controlled by the utilities, which is a little strange when they can cycle on and off all your appliances. They’re only allowed to do it with that intermittent cycling.  But your refrigerator, which is a huge consumer of energy, is on for five minutes and off for five minutes. On those really, really hot days when peak demand is out of control and they're burning the dirtiest power plants, it would be amazing if you could organize that data and control it in that way. You wouldn't have to run some of the dirtiest plants.  I like that concept.  
 
“Con Edison is ripe to do it in some ways, but is also not willing to do it in other ways. Right now all they have is basically transmission and distribution---they don’t do any generation---so, they want to keep that under lock and key.  And a lot of people, especially with all this energy efficiency and weatherization stuff going on, want baseline data. Organized groups want baseline data. They want to know, “if we do a block-by-block retrofit, what did the block start out at and what are we  now?”  They want simple before-and-after retrofit data, which Con Edison has. But now they're sitting on it, because so many people are asking them for the data that they're not sure how they want to charge for it and make it a business in the future, or what they can give away and what they can't give away. So it's a really interesting thing right now.
 
“But probably the most fascinating policy to come out in the past five years is that we have begun to decouple the dollar from the electron. What I mean is that now power producers and utility companies are getting money for energy efficiency. So it's no longer “the more electrons you sell, the more money you make.” That has gone away.  So what you find is that groups like Con Edison, NYSERDA, and the independent power producers are all fighting to get their energy efficiency programs approved and funded, but they're not really doing much. We haven't quite gotten to the point yet where we're actually saving electrons. We’re talking about saving electrons and getting funding for it. I think we’re moving toward actually saving electrons.” Jaime Stein, Underdome Interview
 

Vishaan Chakrabarti

Barack Obama & Joe Biden announce strategic plan for high speed rail. source: wikimedia

Regional high speed rail infrastructures, Chakrabarti argues, are critical to reducing dependency on gas guzzling automotive and airline travel. “You can go from New York to Chicago basically in three hours on [the proposed Chinese high speed passenger trains]...  That would, in turn, decimate regional air travel in this country. New York processes a third of the air traffic that goes through the nation. So that means if someone is flying from Albuquerque to Paris on their honeymoon, they're not sitting on a 777 at Kennedy behind a plane going to Philadelphia.” Underdome Interview

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, Chakrabarti asserts, fails to adequately promote infrastructures needed to promote viable urban density and in effect promotes more of the status quo: sprawling, car-dependent suburbs.  “It is still confounding that the best we can get is $8 billion towards high-speed rail when we need at least $150 billion for all of the major corridors including California, Chicago-St. Paul, Char-Lanta, the Northeast, and yes, Florida. It is confounding when the Vice President states that the $1.25 billion investment in the Tampa-Orlando corridor will generate more than 23,000 jobs over four years, and that by extension one hundred times that investment nationwide might create 2,300,000 jobs. Now that would be stimulus.” Double Down on Density
 
At the Federal level, one has to wonder if there is an Asphalt Lobby, because if there is, they must be partying like it’s 2008. The stimulus bill passed earlier in the year feeds rather than fixes our ill-conceived land use patterns, resulting in new “infrastructure” that runs the risk of being little more than a grab bag of roadway construction. The bill’s criteria mandate that projects, in order to qualify for federal funding, must be “shovel ready,” must be compliant with the existing regulatory regime including NEPA, and must be complete in two years after commencement. The much touted $8 billion of stimulus funds for high speed rail is negligible in terms of what is needed. Common estimates for high speed rail in the northeast corridor run $25-$30 billion. This sounds high until one considers that one third of the nation’s air traffic goes through New York, sitting on tarmacs behind turboprops unconscionably flying from Newark to Philadelphia. Nationwide, the needs are probably around $150 billion. This also sounds high, until you consider the checks we write to bail out banks, fund failing auto makers, and care for the human ailments – spanning from asthma to obesity – that result from urban sprawl.” Profile: Vishaan Chakrabarti
 

Commentary

Amory Lovins

 “Centralized energy sources encourage industrial clustering and urbanization. While soft technologies give everyone the costs and benefits of the energy system he chooses, centralized systems allocate benefits to surburbanites and social costs to politically weaker rural agrarians.” The Road Not Taken

In his 1976 Foreign Poilcy article on 'hard' and 'soft' energy paths (See UNPLUG: Off-the-Grid Enclaves), Lovins lauds flexible and resilient energy sources such as wind and solar that can reflect a 'diverse' and 'pluralistic' suburban fabric.   But “This is not to say that all energy systems need be at domestic scale. For example, the medium scale of urban neighborhoods and rural villages offers fine prospects for solar collectors—especially for adding collectors to existing buildings of which some (perhaps with large flat roofs) can take excess collector area while others cannot take any. They could be joined via communal heat storage systems, saving on labor cost and on heat losses. The costly craftwork of remodeling existing systems—"backfitting" idiosyncratic houses with individual collectors—could thereby be greatly reduced.” The Road Not Taken

 

 

 

 

 

References

Comments (2021)

I cherish the way you compose and share your corner! Exceptionally intriguing and distinctive! Keep it coming! Seo services | Backlink service review

Anonymous wrote 24 weeks 18 min ago

Much obliged for offering pleasant data to us. i like your post and all you impart to us is uptodate and very instructive, i might want to bookmark the page so i can come here again to peruse you, as you have made a great showing. Seo | Backlink service

Anonymous wrote 24 weeks 19 min ago

También se piensa que es un beneficio de alcanzar su capacidad máxima total que significa básicamente trabajar.
Vientre de la noche a la manana

Anonymous wrote 24 weeks 2 hours ago

18 Sex Videos 18VIDEOSXXX free sex videos updated hourly.

LInk wrote 24 weeks 2 days ago

Thank you for such a great article. I totally loved your article! I will definitely bookmarked and come back here again.. mens t-shirts

Jocelyn wrote 24 weeks 3 days ago

I really like the dear information you offer in your articles. I’m able to bookmark your site and show the kids check out up here generally.
pulse transformers

STAR wrote 24 weeks 3 days ago

This is my first time i visit here. I found so many entertaining stuff in your blog, especially its discussion. From the tons of comments on your articles ...
seo backlinks

Anonymous wrote 24 weeks 3 days ago

This is my first visit on your website. Your article is elegantly composed and educational.
Hotel Near Jaipur Airport

anjaligs925 wrote 24 weeks 3 days ago

Which has incorporated ordinary alleviation used by ancient men and women to treat their fungus illness without problems without any part effects.
Read This

Anonymous wrote 24 weeks 3 days ago

Precisely, you're exceptionally sort of us about remark!. Ladenbau Düsseldorf

SEO wrote 24 weeks 4 days ago

Wow what a Great Information about World Day its exceptionally pleasant educational post. a debt of gratitude is in order for the post. High DA Blog Comments backlinks

SEO wrote 24 weeks 4 days ago

This creating are an eye-catching incredible gains of helpful capabilities that rocks and well made up learn to build a chicken coop

mrychpmns01 wrote 24 weeks 4 days ago

I was very impressed by this post, this site has always been pleasant news Thank you very much for such an interesting post, and I meet them more often then I visited this site.
cheap ties online

ajju wrote 24 weeks 5 days ago

Se trata de un nuevo programa que le da acceso a la grasa del vientre secreto de pérdida de peso mejor guardado.
Visita el sitio web

Anonymous wrote 24 weeks 6 days ago

I wana thank you for providing instructive and qualitative stuff so often.reference here

sas wrote 25 weeks 9 hours ago

Really decent post. I just unearthed your weblog and needed to say that I have truly delighted in searching your blog entries. After all I'll be subscribing to your food and I trust you compose again soon! car cover

Anonymous wrote 25 weeks 1 day ago

I cherish the way you compose and share your corner! Exceptionally intriguing and distinctive! Keep it coming! car cover

Anonymous wrote 25 weeks 1 day ago

Right here is the perfect site for anyone who would like to find out about this topic.

You understand so much its almost tough to argue with you (not
that I personally will need to…HaHa). You definitely put a new spin on a
topic that's been written about for ages. Wonderful stuff, just
wonderful!

Also visit my blog jasa pengacara perdata

Mohammad wrote 25 weeks 3 days ago

Thanks for your post. I’ve been thinking about writing a very comparable post over the last couple of weeks, I’ll probably keep it short and sweet and link to this instead if thats cool. Thanks. minecraft free download free netflix account

netflix wrote 25 weeks 4 days ago

Your overly thought out article did surprise me. I would like to know more about this. how to improve vertical jump

Peyton wrote 25 weeks 4 days ago

Excellent article and visuals, definitely a good craft. Keep up the good work! Clenbutrol

Adria wrote 25 weeks 6 days ago

Thank you for sharing a great article, very informative mount rinjani trekking packages and I am really happy to know a lot about America fast boat bali to gili thank you for sharing komodo island tours

Robert wrote 25 weeks 6 days ago

Any co-workers are typically flaming about a fabulous elements equally at this time I simply learn about as to why. rebelmouse

max wrote 26 weeks 2 days ago

interesting share.....(Cahyo)

Paket Umroh Desember 2016
Paket Umroh November 2016
Paket umroh plus Turki 2016
Biaya Paket Umroh 2016

umrah haji plus wrote 26 weeks 2 days ago

You deserve all the success in your life because of your good heart. Keep going and let us see your future posts. Please continue being creative and genuine... Get more info

Ronnie wrote 26 weeks 2 days ago

Really superb data! I'm additionally a specialist in this theme so I can comprehend your exertion. link building

peter wrote 26 weeks 2 days ago

Your ideas in writing did inspire me. Please keep on spreading your knowledge. traffic authority scam

Colton wrote 26 weeks 2 days ago

Toenail fungus infections quite often cause the ft to smell in a strong, horrible means. This makes taking off shoes or sporting sandals particularly embarrassing.
japanese Toenail Fungus Code Reviews

Anonymous wrote 26 weeks 3 days ago

This was one good discussion. However, I couldn’t attend the discussion on time. And this article did gave a brief idea about which the discussion took place. Anyway, it was so kind of you to post the responses here. Thanks. ChatRoomsForWebsites

sl786982 sl786982 wrote 26 weeks 4 days ago

This is a decent post. This post gives really quality data. I'm certainly going to investigate it. Truly extremely helpful tips are given here. Much thanks to you to such an extent. Keep up the acts of kindness. afro friseur düsseldorf

peter wrote 26 weeks 4 days ago

Tesla Code Secrets manual used to be particularly designed to determine on the spot outcome for your lifestyles.
Most apparently does not require years of labor or hours of meditation a day or any certain knowledge in any respect.
http://teslacodesecretsreview.strikingly.com

Anonymous wrote 26 weeks 5 days ago

I read that Post and got it fine and enlightening. If you don't mind share more like that... www Redirect Checker

peter wrote 26 weeks 5 days ago

This is truly a pleasant and enlightening, containing all data furthermore greatly affects the new innovation. A debt of gratitude is in order for sharing it, how to clean your indoor water wall

Anonymous wrote 26 weeks 6 days ago

You guys out there are performing a great job. relaxing home office

Anonymous wrote 26 weeks 6 days ago

Stupendous blog you guys have provided there, I will absolutely valuate your effort.
Jimmy Kim Email Tools

Alex John wrote 27 weeks 2 days ago

Ahaa, it’s nice conversation on the subject of this post at this place, I actually have read all that, therefore at this time me additionally commenting at this place.
Email Tools Bonus

Alex John wrote 27 weeks 2 days ago

Thank you very much for this informative post.I really enjoyed the article.I hope that other readers will also experience how I feel after reading your article.
best testosterone booster

karen mcqueen wrote 27 weeks 3 days ago

Very awesome!!! When I seek for this I found this website at the top of all blogs in search engine.
baby

Alex John wrote 27 weeks 3 days ago

Your list gives me many creational ideas that I can perhaps use on my web tender too.bmw z3 car cover

saood 12 wrote 27 weeks 3 days ago

bothbest bamboo at pinterest, bothbest bamboo at houzz, bothbest bamboo at ecoweb, bothbest bamboo flooring official site, bothbest bamboo flooring official site, bothbest bamboo at globalwood, bothbest bamboo at linkedin

Anonymous wrote 27 weeks 3 days ago

This program discussing some excessive­level scientific concepts together with quantum physics and brain anatomy.
Tesla Code Secrets Review

Anonymous wrote 27 weeks 4 days ago

Is it alright to post some portion of this on my site essentially present a hyperlink on this site
research chemicals

jack wrote 28 weeks 9 hours ago

Come and book the most sexy and indulgent Ibiza escorts and Mallorca escorts today from Palma Babes.

website wrote 28 weeks 1 day ago

Best work you have done, this online site is truly cool with incredible certainties. messebau duesseldorf

peter wrote 28 weeks 2 days ago

You have really shared a informative and interesting blog post with people..
manual dofollow backlinks

Anonymous wrote 28 weeks 2 days ago

Really great post nice work i love your work. Thanks. Keep sharing.
read this post here

Anonymousasdas wrote 28 weeks 3 days ago

I am informing you all "fabulous information"
Ann Royston

Alex John wrote 28 weeks 3 days ago

Add A Comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <img> <div> <pre> <address> <h1> <h2> <h3> <h4> <h5> <h6> <blockquote> <p>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Use <bib>citekey</bib> or [bib]citekey[/bib] to insert automatically numbered references.

More information about formatting options

By submitting this form, you accept the Mollom privacy policy.