Organize and develop infrastructures from a centralized planning position.

Advocates

Compare

Commentary

Amory Lovins

“The hard path... would instead be a world of subsidies, $100-billion bailouts, oligopolies, regulations, nationalization, eminent domain, corporate statism.” The Road Not Taken 

”As national purpose and trust in institutions diminish, governments, striving to halt the drift, seek ever more outward control. We are becoming more uneasily aware of the nascent risk of what a Stanford Research Institute group has called "…'friendly fascism'—a managed society which rules by a faceless and widely dispersed complex of warfare-welfare- industrial-communications-police bureaucracies with a technocratic ideology." The Road Not Taken

Lovins staunchly rejects centralized, or hard, energy systems as an over-empowered, nuclear, martial state rooted in the urban environment. In his 1976 Foreign Affairs article, Lovins e argues for a 'soft path' to energy affiliated with the suburban and rural (see UNPLUG: Off-the-grid Enclaves): 
 
“In contrast to the soft path's dependence on pluralistic consumer choice in deploying a myriad of small devices and refinements, the hard path depends on difficult, large-scale projects requiring a major social commitment under centralized management. We have noted in Section III the extraordinary capital intensity of centralized, electrified high technologies. Their similarly heavy demands on other scarce resources—skills, labor, materials, special sites—likewise cannot be met by market allocation, but require compulsory diversion from whatever priorities are backed by the weakest constituencies. Quasi-war powers legislation to this end has already been seriously proposed. The hard path, sometimes portrayed as the bastion of free enterprise and free markets, would instead be a world of subsidies, $100-billion bailouts, oligopolies, regulations, nationalization, eminent domain, corporate statism.
 
“Such dirigiste autarchy is the first of many distortions of the political fabric. While soft technologies can match any settlement pattern, their diversity reflecting our own pluralism, centralized energy sources encourage industrial clustering and urbanization. While soft technologies give everyone the costs and benefits of the energy system he chooses, centralized systems allocate benefits to surburbanites and social costs to politically weaker rural agrarians. Siting big energy systems pits central authority against local autonomy in an increasingly divisive and wasteful form of centrifugal politics that is already proving one of the most potent constraints on expansion.
 
“In an electrical world, your lifeline comes not from an understandable neighborhood technology run by people you know who are at your own social level, but rather from an alien, remote, and perhaps humiliatingly uncontrollable technology run by a faraway, bureaucratized, technical elite who have probably never heard of you. Decisions about who shall have how much energy at what price also become centralized—a politically dangerous trend because it divides those who use energy from those who supply and regulate it.” The Road Not Taken
 

References

Comments (2075)

Your own co-workers are usually flaming about the products additionally right now I simply uncover the reason why.
Social Home Jobs

Anonymous wrote 12 weeks 2 days ago

I was very pleased to find this site.I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post.
Jailbreak iOS 9.3.5 No Computer!

devidmiller5060 wrote 12 weeks 3 days ago

That is anything that jap persons do all the time, but it isn't within the American culture.
Back Pain Gone Reviews

Anonymous wrote 12 weeks 3 days ago

Great post! I am actually getting ready to across this information, is very helpful my friend. Also great blog here with all of the valuable information you have. Keep up the good work you are doing here.
shopbrumano

devidmiller5060 wrote 12 weeks 4 days ago

gard . lihat info dari jasa pemasangan kaca film jakarta di website kami Kaca www.gudangbesibaja.com

Fatihin Al farizmi wrote 12 weeks 4 days ago

Your website is really cool and this is a great inspiring article.
Drive Traffic with Instagram – The Secrets You Should Know

Anonymous wrote 12 weeks 4 days ago

Memory Repair Protocol is scientifically proven to restore broken brain cells, fireplace loss of life neurons and restoration the verbal exchange community of your brain.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UkhjuZQaLbg

Anonymous wrote 12 weeks 5 days ago

This well known website really did well when it comes to raising knowledge and awareness. wholesale fencing ny

Gavin wrote 12 weeks 5 days ago

Thanks for the job post. For more of such kind of jobs, you can refer to the link below.
friv 100 | Friv | zoxy 3 | agar.io games

Anonymous wrote 12 weeks 6 days ago

This is also a very good post which I really enjoyed reading. Thank you very much for this informative post.

AC-DC power supplies

jolly wrote 12 weeks 6 days ago

I would but say to you all "impressive information" no deposit bonus codes mobile

Anonymous wrote 12 weeks 6 days ago

What a good blog you have here. Please update it more often. This topics is my interest. Thank you. . .
tin tức khoa học

hafridi wrote 12 weeks 6 days ago

A debt of gratitude is in order for giving late reports with respect to the worry, I anticipate read more. ดูหนังโป๊

Ashar Seo wrote 13 weeks 4 hours ago

wow, great, I was wondering how to cure acne naturally. and found your site by google, learned a lot, now i’m a bit clear. I’ve bookmark your site and also add rss. keep us updated.
rainbowpages

hafridi wrote 13 weeks 8 hours ago

I am always searching online for articles that can help me. There is obviously a lot to know about this. I think you made some good points in Features also. Keep working, great job!
voyance gratuite par telephone

devidmiller5060 wrote 13 weeks 9 hours ago

Thanks for every other informative site. The place else may just I get that kind of information written in such an ideal means? I have a venture that I’m just now operating on. and I have been on the look out for such information.
cheap scooter insurance

Anonymous wrote 13 weeks 1 day ago

Your blog provided us with valuable to work with. Each & every tips of your post are awesome. Thanks a lot for sharing. Keep blogging..
Nootropics

heaven daveis wrote 13 weeks 1 day ago

You have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site.
ferreteria online

devidmiller5060 wrote 13 weeks 2 days ago

Thanks for posting this info. I just want to let you know that I just check out your site and I find it very interesting and informative. I can't wait to read lots of your posts.
Thanks for posting this info. I just want to let you know that I just check out your site and I find it very interesting and informative. I can't wait to read lots of your posts.
play free games online

Anonymous wrote 13 weeks 2 days ago

I read this article. I think You put a lot of effort to create this article. I appreciate your work.
ios app

devidmiller5060 wrote 13 weeks 2 days ago

I have searched couple of days and found some interesting writing on it. But it is the best of all. Thanks for sharing this to us. I really appreciate your kindness... brain supplements

Luciano wrote 13 weeks 3 days ago

Your web journal furnished us with significant data to work with. Each and every tips of your post are magnificent. Much obliged for sharing. Continue blogging, desapcarl

wallens wrote 13 weeks 4 days ago

My friend mentioned to me your blog, so I thought I’d read it for myself. Very interesting insights, will be back for more!
rainbow-pages

devidmiller5060 wrote 13 weeks 4 days ago

Yes, great US Military force. Also, in his post you have given a chance to listen about US Military. I really appreciate your work. Thanks for sharing it.
rainbow-pages

devidmiller5060 wrote 13 weeks 4 days ago

That appears to be excellent however i am still not too sure that I like it. At any rate will look far more into it and decide personally!
The Best Prescott Moving Company

Anonymous wrote 13 weeks 4 days ago

I really like the dear information you offer in your articles. I’m able to bookmark your site and show the kids check out up here generally.

Jerky Direct reviews

karla flower wrote 13 weeks 5 days ago

I read this article. I think You put a lot of effort to create this article. I appreciate your work.
rainbowpages

devidmiller5060 wrote 13 weeks 5 days ago

You guys out there are performing a great job. fahrrad navi

Anonymous wrote 13 weeks 5 days ago

Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed! Extremely helpful information specially the last part I care for such info a lot. I was seeking this particular information for a very long time. Thank you and good luck.
DUI Attorney Miami

Anonymous wrote 13 weeks 5 days ago

I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don't know what to say except that I have enjoyed reading. Nice blog. I will keep visiting this blog very often.
Windykacja

Anonymous wrote 13 weeks 6 days ago

Your work is very good and I appreciate you and hopping for some more informative posts. Thank you for sharing great information to us.
eurocasinojackpot.com

Anonymous wrote 13 weeks 6 days ago

Took me time to read all the comments, but I really enjoyed the article. It proved to be Very helpful to me and I am sure to all the commenters here! It’s always nice when you can not only be informed, but also entertained!
rainbow-pages

Anonymous wrote 13 weeks 6 days ago

Yes, great US Military force. Also, in his post you have given a chance to listen about US Military. I really appreciate your work. Thanks for sharing it.
rainbowpages

devidmiller5060 wrote 13 weeks 6 days ago

Visiting your website is now part of my daily routine. B1 English test for citizenship

Nathan wrote 14 weeks 6 hours ago

Thank you again for all the knowledge you distribute,Good post. Excellent and decent post.
high thyroid symptoms

macky white wrote 14 weeks 1 day ago

I have appreciated your websites resourceful contents. vancouver womens fitness

Brendan wrote 14 weeks 1 day ago

I’ve been enjoying all your blog posts.. I always keep on visiting here to read some updates from you and as always your post is soo fantastic! mens t-shirts

Laida wrote 14 weeks 2 days ago

Thanks for writing such a good article, I stumbled onto your blog and read a few post. I like your style of writing...
rainbowpages

devidmiller5060 wrote 14 weeks 2 days ago

Thanks for writing such a good article, I stumbled onto your blog and read a few post. I like your style of writing...
http://www.iosndroid.com

devidmiller5060 wrote 14 weeks 3 days ago

I know that you explain it very well. And I hope that other readers will also experience how I feel after reading your article. I feel very grateful that I read this. It is very helpful and very informative and I really learned a lot from it.
View Site

wang wrote 14 weeks 3 days ago

The web gives us the opportunity that we by no means had earlier than You not have to go to the place of job or office.
Social Home Jobs

slam samir sko wrote 14 weeks 3 days ago

I understanding what you have implemented here excellent web page how to build an egg incubator

stpnbllws01 wrote 14 weeks 3 days ago

Hi I am so charmed I found your online journal, I truly found you by misstep, while I was watching on google for something else, Anyways I am here now and could simply get a kick out of the chance to say thank for an enormous post and an overall captivating site. Kindly do keep up the immense work. forskolin original

Robinjack wrote 14 weeks 3 days ago

I really enjoyed reading this post. big fan. Keep up the good work andplease tell me when can you publish more articles or where can I read more on the subject?
Android phones

Anonymous wrote 14 weeks 4 days ago

Add A Comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <img> <div> <pre> <address> <h1> <h2> <h3> <h4> <h5> <h6> <blockquote> <p>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Use <bib>citekey</bib> or [bib]citekey[/bib] to insert automatically numbered references.

More information about formatting options

By submitting this form, you accept the Mollom privacy policy.