Organize and develop infrastructures from a centralized planning position.

Advocates

Compare

Commentary

Amory Lovins

“The hard path... would instead be a world of subsidies, $100-billion bailouts, oligopolies, regulations, nationalization, eminent domain, corporate statism.” The Road Not Taken 

”As national purpose and trust in institutions diminish, governments, striving to halt the drift, seek ever more outward control. We are becoming more uneasily aware of the nascent risk of what a Stanford Research Institute group has called "…'friendly fascism'—a managed society which rules by a faceless and widely dispersed complex of warfare-welfare- industrial-communications-police bureaucracies with a technocratic ideology." The Road Not Taken

Lovins staunchly rejects centralized, or hard, energy systems as an over-empowered, nuclear, martial state rooted in the urban environment. In his 1976 Foreign Affairs article, Lovins e argues for a 'soft path' to energy affiliated with the suburban and rural (see UNPLUG: Off-the-grid Enclaves): 
 
“In contrast to the soft path's dependence on pluralistic consumer choice in deploying a myriad of small devices and refinements, the hard path depends on difficult, large-scale projects requiring a major social commitment under centralized management. We have noted in Section III the extraordinary capital intensity of centralized, electrified high technologies. Their similarly heavy demands on other scarce resources—skills, labor, materials, special sites—likewise cannot be met by market allocation, but require compulsory diversion from whatever priorities are backed by the weakest constituencies. Quasi-war powers legislation to this end has already been seriously proposed. The hard path, sometimes portrayed as the bastion of free enterprise and free markets, would instead be a world of subsidies, $100-billion bailouts, oligopolies, regulations, nationalization, eminent domain, corporate statism.
 
“Such dirigiste autarchy is the first of many distortions of the political fabric. While soft technologies can match any settlement pattern, their diversity reflecting our own pluralism, centralized energy sources encourage industrial clustering and urbanization. While soft technologies give everyone the costs and benefits of the energy system he chooses, centralized systems allocate benefits to surburbanites and social costs to politically weaker rural agrarians. Siting big energy systems pits central authority against local autonomy in an increasingly divisive and wasteful form of centrifugal politics that is already proving one of the most potent constraints on expansion.
 
“In an electrical world, your lifeline comes not from an understandable neighborhood technology run by people you know who are at your own social level, but rather from an alien, remote, and perhaps humiliatingly uncontrollable technology run by a faraway, bureaucratized, technical elite who have probably never heard of you. Decisions about who shall have how much energy at what price also become centralized—a politically dangerous trend because it divides those who use energy from those who supply and regulate it.” The Road Not Taken
 

References

Comments (2171)

تعرفوا علي اجدد عروض وخدمات صيانة يونيفرسال علي اعلي مستوي حتي تستطيعوا ان تحصلوا علي تصليحات وصيانات مجانية لاجهزتكم الكهربائية علي مستوي عالي من الدقه والامان من خلالنا فقط في جميع فروعنا ومراكزنا.

صيانة يونيفرسال wrote 2 weeks 6 days ago

تواصلوا معنا الان في صيانة وايت ويل حتي تحصلوا علي اقوي خدمات صيانة واقوي حملات لصيانة الاجهزة الكهربائية وومجانا من خلال فروع صيانة وستنجهاوس في جميع انحاء جمهورية مصر العربية علي اعلي مستوي.

صيانة وايت ويل wrote 2 weeks 6 days ago

I thought I would leave my first comment.
دكتور

Anonymous wrote 2 weeks 6 days ago

I definitely enjoying every little bit of it. It is a great website and nice share. I want to thank you. Good job! You guys do a great blog, and have some great contents. Keep up the good work.
MST Wheels

devidmiller5060 wrote 2 weeks 6 days ago

A debt of gratitude is in order for giving late reports with respect to the worry, I anticipate read more. Cheap Flyers Printing

bradley wrote 3 weeks 21 hours ago

big energy systems pits central authority against local autonomy in an increasingly divisive and wasteful form of centrifugal politics that is already proving one of the most potent constraints on expansion.circulaire

circulaire wrote 3 weeks 1 day ago

Some really superb info , Sword lily I found this.
Jobs in Bangladesh

Anonymous wrote 3 weeks 2 days ago

Thanks for sharing nice information with us.
Long Hairstyles
Medium Length Hairstyles
Short hairstyles

mehndi designs wrote 3 weeks 2 days ago

Thanks for sharing nice information with us.
Earrings
middle finger
Necklace
Mehndi Designs
Nail Art
Tattoo Designs

mehndi designs wrote 3 weeks 2 days ago

Great post however , I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this subject? I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit further. Bless you!
drupal chat for website

Anonymous wrote 3 weeks 3 days ago

Your amazing insightful information entails much to me and especially to my peers. Thanks a ton; from all of us.
best ice cream maker reviews

Anonymous wrote 3 weeks 3 days ago

This was really an interesting topic and I kinda agree with what you have mentioned here!
فينير

Anonymous wrote 3 weeks 3 days ago

A debt of gratitude is in order for the blog entry pal! Keep them coming... dental assistant education

Anonymous wrote 3 weeks 3 days ago

Siting big energy systems pits central authority against local autonomy in an increasingly divisive and wasteful form of centrifugal politics that is already proving one of the most potent constraints on expansion.PAPTube

PAPTube wrote 3 weeks 4 days ago

Incredible site! Do you have any tips and indications for trying essayists? I"m wanting to begin my own site soon however I"m somewhat lost on everything. Would you propose beginning with a free stage like WordPress or go for a paid choice? There are such a variety of choices out there that I"m totally overpowered .. Any recommendations? Much obliged! http://www.abcmoney.co.uk

Ashar Seo wrote 3 weeks 4 days ago

Offering wide collection of men designer bags made from high quality materials. Our bags made in Italy and we ship it for free to you.
men designer bags

Anonymous wrote 3 weeks 5 days ago

Good article thanks for sharing. Tas Batam

Tas Batam wrote 3 weeks 5 days ago

Your articles were very satisfying. Please keep on posting. Hydroxycut Black

Tyree wrote 3 weeks 5 days ago

شركة الحارس الخاص تقدم لك افضل فريق عمل مختص في الحمايه الشخصيه و المنشئات و المدرب علي علي مستوي و علي يد خبراء في هذا المجال من شركة حراسات امنية الان
http://www.guards-security.com

شركة امن و حراسه wrote 3 weeks 5 days ago

The Hindi bollywood news is in very much demand in the country as also internationally as Hindi movies are also having very good international audiences.
5 Medical Adhesives Global Market Development Trend Analysis.
So now we, the American TV News-watching Audience, are guilty not
just of being un-engaged and un-educated'we have also lost our memories of anything that happened before the Breaking News we are watching 'right now'.

Feel free to surf to my web site ahok (Shanna)

Shanna wrote 3 weeks 6 days ago

الان نقدم لك احدث قطع الغيار الاصلية المستوردة فقط من خلال توكيل صيانة يونيون اير باقل فقط زور موقعنا الان لتتعرف على المزيد من الخدمات
http://www.unionairemaintenance.com/

صيانة يونيون اير wrote 3 weeks 6 days ago

Very nice article. I enjoyed reading your post. very nice share. I want to twit this to my followers. Thanks!.
swiss directory

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 14 hours ago

تعتمد المصحات التشيكيه على استخدام احدث الاجهزة و المعدات الطبية المتطورة في علاج جميع الامراض ، كما تقدم ايضًا خدمات العلاج الطبيعي بإستخدام احدث اجهزة العلاج الطبيعي بالاضافة الى وجود فريق طبي متكامل متخصص في مهام العلاج الطبيعي .

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 15 hours ago

احصل الآن على كشف التسربات ، عن طريق التواصل مع افضل شركة عزل اسطح في القصيم و التي تعتبر ايضًا افضل شركة عزل خزانات في القصيم و هي شركة البيت السعيد .

و اذا كنت تعاني من وجود تسربات للمياه في منزلك فلا تتردد في التواصل مع افضل شركة كشف تسربات المياه في القصيم حتى تقوم بحل المشكلة في اسرع وقت .

كما تقدم شركة البيت السعيد افضل شركة مكافحة حشرات في القصيم حتى تتمكن من القضاء على كافة الحشرات التي تواجهك بإستخدام افضل المبيدات الحشرية الفعالة .

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 16 hours ago

Thank you very much for this useful article. I like it.
Alcohol Rehabilitation

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 17 hours ago

Great job for publishing such a beneficial web site. Your web log isn’t only useful but it is additionally really creative too. There tend to be not many people who can certainly write not so simple posts that artistically. Continue the nice writing
commercial pavers

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 21 hours ago

Get Cricket Betting Tips, IPL Betting Tips, IPL Betting Tips 2017, IPL 2017 Betting tips online with http://cricketbettingtipsonline.com or call or whatsapp us on 9672058189

IPL Betting Tips | Cricket Betting Tips | 2017 | Cricketbett wrote 4 weeks 22 hours ago

Get Cricket Betting Tips, IPL Betting Tips, IPL Betting Tips 2017, IPL 2017 Betting tips online with cricketbettingtipsonline.com

IPL Betting Tips | Cricket Betting Tips | 2017 | Cricketbett wrote 4 weeks 22 hours ago

Thank you again for all the knowledge you distribute,Good post. I was very interested in the article, it's quite inspiring I should admit. I like visiting you site since I always come across interesting articles like this one.Great Job, I greatly appreciate that.Do Keep sharing! Regards, Techlimes

jade graham wrote 4 weeks 1 day ago

Siting big energy systems pits central authority against local autonomy in an increasingly divisive and wasteful form of centrifugal politics that is already proving one of the most potent constraints on expansion.art nefertiti

art nefertiti wrote 4 weeks 1 day ago

تعلن شركة الاخلاص و الامانة عن عورض مميزة عند نقل عفش مكة علي يد مجموعه من العمال المختصين في فك و تركيب الاثاث و تغليفه بافضل المواد لتحافظ عليه من اي خدوش قد يتعرض لها

nkl afsh wrote 4 weeks 1 day ago

http://www.carriermaintenance.com

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 1 day ago

I really thank you for the valuable info on this great subject and look forward to more great posts. Thanks a lot for enjoying this beauty article with me. I am appreciating it very much! Looking forward to another great article. Good luck to the author! All the best!
roofer

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 1 day ago

VR Hump Blog Learn about the new and fascinating high tech world of virtual reality sex.

website wrote 4 weeks 2 days ago

WWE WrestleMania 33 WrestleMania 33 live stream free, matches, time, TV channel, full show, rumors, results info. WWE WrestleMania 33, WrestleMania 2017, how to watch online.

website wrote 4 weeks 3 days ago

putas ModelosLux es la agencia de escorts prepagos mas vip de Medellin, Colombia. Contamos con un servicio de primera calidad donde el cliente no tiene que preocuparse de una unicamente escoger a su Modelo de preferencia. En Modelos Lux contamos con una basta experiencia que ponemos a toda su disposicion ademas de contar con las mejores escorts o prepagos de la ciudad de Medellin renovando nuestro catalogo periodicamente para asi ofrecerles nuesvas experiencias a nuestros clientes recurentes. No olvide en la agencia modeloslux hacemos volar su imainacion.

website wrote 4 weeks 3 days ago

Thanks for the nice blog. It was very useful for me. I'm happy I found this blog. Thank you for sharing with us.I too always learn something new from your post.
Valet Parking Service

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 3 days ago

I high value this post. It's elusive the great from the awful in some cases, yet I think you've nailed it! would you brain redesigning your website with more data? Mikrowelle Test

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 4 days ago

visit our site now:
http://www.unionairemaintenance.com

unionaire wrote 4 weeks 4 days ago

Thanks for this great post. i find it very interesting and very well thought out and put together. I look forward to reading your work in the future.

plumbing repair

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 4 days ago

قم بزيارة مركز صيانه كريازي اذا واجهتك اعطال الاجهزة الكهربائية لاننا نقدم افضل خدمة صيانه لكافة الاعطال الموقع الالكتروني:
http://www.kiriazi-maintenance.com/

صيانه كريازي wrote 4 weeks 5 days ago

Excellent .. Amazing .. I’ll bookmark your blog and take the feeds also…I’m happy to find so many useful info here in the post. we need work out more techniques in this regard. thanks for sharing.
Windshield chip repair nj

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 5 days ago

نعتبر في مراكز صيانه ويرلبول من اكبر مراكز الصيانه العالمية الحاصلة على اعلى شهادات الجودة لصيانه كافة الاعطال الموقع الالكتروني:

https://www.almyaa.com/Whirlpool-Maintenance/

صيانه ويرلبول wrote 4 weeks 5 days ago

Extraordinary articles and incredible format. Your blog entry merits the greater part of the positive input it's been getting. perth tourist attraction

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 5 days ago

You’ve got some interesting points in this article. I would have never considered any of these if I didn’t come across this. Thanks!.
here

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 5 days ago

Sony a7r ii
Exceptional entry! I found it very interesting. I'll check back later to see if more posts are added.

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 6 days ago

chat html5
There are many ways to obtain a construction job interview, but some are more effective than others.

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 6 days ago

This is a truly good site post. Not too many people would actually. the way you just did. I am really impressed that there is so much information about this subject that have been uncovered and you’ve done your best. with so much class. If wanted to know more about green smoke reviews. than by all means come in and check our stuff.
torsion

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 6 days ago

Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is an extremely well written article. I’ll be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely comeback.
electricians in calgary

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 6 days ago

Add A Comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <img> <div> <pre> <address> <h1> <h2> <h3> <h4> <h5> <h6> <blockquote> <p>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Use <bib>citekey</bib> or [bib]citekey[/bib] to insert automatically numbered references.

More information about formatting options

By submitting this form, you accept the Mollom privacy policy.