Organize and develop infrastructures from a centralized planning position.

Advocates

Compare

Commentary

Amory Lovins

“The hard path... would instead be a world of subsidies, $100-billion bailouts, oligopolies, regulations, nationalization, eminent domain, corporate statism.” The Road Not Taken 

”As national purpose and trust in institutions diminish, governments, striving to halt the drift, seek ever more outward control. We are becoming more uneasily aware of the nascent risk of what a Stanford Research Institute group has called "…'friendly fascism'—a managed society which rules by a faceless and widely dispersed complex of warfare-welfare- industrial-communications-police bureaucracies with a technocratic ideology." The Road Not Taken

Lovins staunchly rejects centralized, or hard, energy systems as an over-empowered, nuclear, martial state rooted in the urban environment. In his 1976 Foreign Affairs article, Lovins e argues for a 'soft path' to energy affiliated with the suburban and rural (see UNPLUG: Off-the-grid Enclaves): 
 
“In contrast to the soft path's dependence on pluralistic consumer choice in deploying a myriad of small devices and refinements, the hard path depends on difficult, large-scale projects requiring a major social commitment under centralized management. We have noted in Section III the extraordinary capital intensity of centralized, electrified high technologies. Their similarly heavy demands on other scarce resources—skills, labor, materials, special sites—likewise cannot be met by market allocation, but require compulsory diversion from whatever priorities are backed by the weakest constituencies. Quasi-war powers legislation to this end has already been seriously proposed. The hard path, sometimes portrayed as the bastion of free enterprise and free markets, would instead be a world of subsidies, $100-billion bailouts, oligopolies, regulations, nationalization, eminent domain, corporate statism.
 
“Such dirigiste autarchy is the first of many distortions of the political fabric. While soft technologies can match any settlement pattern, their diversity reflecting our own pluralism, centralized energy sources encourage industrial clustering and urbanization. While soft technologies give everyone the costs and benefits of the energy system he chooses, centralized systems allocate benefits to surburbanites and social costs to politically weaker rural agrarians. Siting big energy systems pits central authority against local autonomy in an increasingly divisive and wasteful form of centrifugal politics that is already proving one of the most potent constraints on expansion.
 
“In an electrical world, your lifeline comes not from an understandable neighborhood technology run by people you know who are at your own social level, but rather from an alien, remote, and perhaps humiliatingly uncontrollable technology run by a faraway, bureaucratized, technical elite who have probably never heard of you. Decisions about who shall have how much energy at what price also become centralized—a politically dangerous trend because it divides those who use energy from those who supply and regulate it.” The Road Not Taken
 

References

Comments (2171)

Siting big energy systems pits central authority against local autonomy in an increasingly divisive and wasteful form of centrifugal politics that is already proving one of the most potent constraints on expansion.Infected Ingrown Toenail

Infected Ingrown Toenail wrote 12 hours 27 min ago

Offering wide collection of leather briefcases made in Italy.
designer briefcase

Anonymous wrote 13 hours 55 min ago

I am certainly making the most of your site. You unquestionably have some extraordinary understanding and incredible stories. Running shoes store Charleston SC

Anonymous wrote 14 hours 50 min ago

I am extremely appreciated for this online journal. Its a useful subject. It help me all that much to tackle a few issues. Its chance are so phenomenal and working style so fast. car window tints

Anonymous wrote 1 day 16 hours ago

I am consistently web looking for information that works with me testofuel reviews

sllyrons01 wrote 3 days 2 hours ago

Thanks for writing such a good article, I stumbled onto your blog and read a few post. I like your style of writing...
buckeye-intl.com

devidmiller5060 wrote 3 days 16 hours ago

I cherish the way you compose and share your corner! Exceptionally intriguing and distinctive! Keep it coming! multiple myeloma

Anonymous wrote 3 days 17 hours ago

I feel strongly about it and love learning more on this topic.
camp houses

Anonymous wrote 3 days 17 hours ago

Never found such informative articles uti in dogs

Anonymous wrote 3 days 18 hours ago

Siting big energy systems pits central authority against local autonomy in an increasingly divisive and wasteful form of centrifugal politics that is already proving one of the most potent constraints on expansion.
minecraft |
psn

minecraft | psn wrote 3 days 20 hours ago

DP Tube Videos If you want latest double penetration videos then visit our site. For all latest sexy porn videos this is a must see.

website wrote 5 days 6 hours ago

voyance magie Magic remains in this world. Fortune-telling and divinatory arts permit to have an experience of true magie voyance. You want to know your future ? You can both visit the website voyance-amour-eternel.com or contact a true clairvoyante fortune-teller able to deliver a voyance magie. You can discover tarot cards, astrology, numerology, kabbale. All these ancients arts allow you to step on the futur and see through your fate.

website wrote 5 days 6 hours ago

I would expert to say many thanks to you for this effective begin official website

nndixns01 wrote 5 days 20 hours ago

I am wondering how I might be notified whenever a new post has been made. I have subscribed to your RSS which may do the trick? Have a great day!
the best carding forum

Anonymous wrote 1 week 8 hours ago

افضل خدمات الصيانة المقدمة من مركز صيانة يونيون اير احصل على كافة قطع الغيار من التوكيلات العالمية باقل الاسعار فقط الان تواصل معنا من خلال زيارة موقعنا الالكترونى http://www.unionairemaintenance.com/

صيانة يونيون اير wrote 1 week 14 hours ago

If conceivable, as you clear knowledge, would you mind updating your blog with more information? It is damned helpful in return me.

fashion t-shirt

Anonymous wrote 1 week 20 hours ago

Hey, great blog, but I don’t understand how to add your site in my rss reader. Can you Help me please?
memoryfoammattress-guide.org

shahrukh khan wrote 1 week 1 day ago

Much obliged for the online journal stacked with such a variety of data. Ceasing by your site assisted me with getting what I was searching for. adu q

Anonymous wrote 1 week 3 days ago

واصلوا معنا الان في خلال صيانة تكنوجاز و صيانة باناسونيك حتي تحصلوا علي اقوي خدمات صيانة واقوي حملات لصيانة الاجهزة الكهربائية وومجانا من خلال فروع صيانة في جميع انحاء جمهورية مصر العربية علي اعلي مستوي.
http://www.maintenanceg.com/TecnoGaz-Agent-Services.html
http://www.maintenanceg.com/Panasonic-Agent-Egypt-Center.htm

صيانة باناسونيك wrote 1 week 4 days ago

يتواجد لدي شركة البدر اجود وافضل واحسن انواع من القرميد لانه يقوم باستيراد اجود الانواع والخامات من كبري الشركات العالمية التي تقوم بانتاج وتصنيع القرميد و خصوصا القرميد الاسباني و ذلك لاننا نقوم ببيع جميع انواع القرميد ومستلزماته
http://www.brickksa.com/

شركة البدر لبيع القرميد wrote 1 week 4 days ago

تعمل مراكز صياة جليم جاز علي اخذ اعلي جودة من اعادة تشغيل الاجهزة الكهربائية وصيانتها اليت تتم داخل هذة المراكز واحتوائها علي العلامة الماركة المسجلة من التوكيل .
https://www.almyaa.com/Glemjaz-Maintenance/

صيانة جليم جاز wrote 1 week 4 days ago

يتواجد لدي دار رعاية المسنيين بمدينة نصر افضل فريق عمل ممكن ان تستامن علية ابويك للادراكهم جيدا طبيعة العمل الذين يقومون به والمسئولية الملاقاه علية في رعاية المسنيين في ذلك العمر المتقدم و يوجد ايضا دار رعاية مسنيين بمصر الجديدة و دار رعاية مسنيين بالمعادي
http://www.careolder.com/%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D9%85%D8%B3%D9%86%D9%8A%D9%...

دار رعاية مسنيين wrote 1 week 4 days ago

يتميز مركز صيانة جولدي انه تابع لاكبر شركة في انتاج وتصنيع الاجهزة الكهربائية لذلك فريق العمل المتواجد لدي مركزنا يكون علي دراية كاملة و واسعة بكل المحتويات الداخلية والخارجية للاجهزة الكهربائية وكيفية التعامل مع اي تلف او عطل ممكن التواجد في اي جزء
https://www.almyaa.com/Goldi-Maintenance/

صيانة جولدي wrote 1 week 4 days ago

تعمل شركة العنود في تنظيف خزانات بمكة وللذلك هي تعتبر اكبر شركة تنظيف خزانات بمكة وتعمل علي اعمال العزل والتطهير المائي .
http://www.el3nod.com/1/company-tanks-isolation-cleaning-mecca

شركة تنظيف خزانات بمكة wrote 1 week 4 days ago

يوجد لدي مركز صيانة شارب جميع قطع الغيار الداخلية الاصلية لجميع الاجهزة الكهربائية في كل الماركات المتواجدة
و يوجد لدي مركز صيانة جولدي فريق من خدمة العملاء مدرب جيدة علي التعامل مع العملاء وجدية التقاء المشاكل المتواجدة لديهم
http://www.maintenanceg.com/Goldi-Agent-Company.html
http://www.maintenanceg.com/Sharp-Agent-Service-Egypt.html

صيانة جولدي وصيانة شارب wrote 1 week 4 days ago

تعتبر شركة حرسات امنية من اكبر الشركاتالتي تعمل علي تقديم الخدمات التي تضمن لكم ولاسرتكم ولممتلاكاتكم الامن والسلامة التي تحقق بتوفير عدد من افراد الامن والبودي جارد وتعمل شركة امن وحراسة علي اختيارهم .
http://www.guards-security.com/

ِشركة الحارس الخاص wrote 1 week 4 days ago

يتوافر لدي شركة العنود قسم خاص بعزل خزانات بمكة وهذا يتم علي اعلي مستوي من الدقة والجودة لاننا نحرص كل الحرص علي سلامة وصحة عملائنا وادراكنا جيدا اهمية ان تكون المياة نظيفة علي صحة الانسان
http://www.el3nod.com/1/company-tanks-isolation-cleaning-mecca

شركة عزل خزانات مكة wrote 1 week 4 days ago

تعمل مراكز صيانة بوش علي تصليح الاجهزة الكهربائية باعلي جودة ممكنة في استخدام القطع الاصلية في تصليح الاجهزة الكهربائية التابعة لها .
http://egy.help/maintenance/%D8%A8%D9%88%D8%B4/

صيانة بوش wrote 1 week 4 days ago

يتواجد لدي مركز صيانة زانوسي مهنديين ماهريين ذات كفاءات عالية ومتميزة لان مركزنا يحرص علي تقديم افضل خدمة في مجال صيانة الاجهزة الكهربائية وذلك لاننا نعمل تحت اسم كبير في عالم الصيانة والتصليح مسمي زانوسي
http://egy.help/maintenance/%D8%B5%D9%8A%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%A9-%D8%B2%D8%A7%...

صيانة زانوسي wrote 1 week 4 days ago

يتميز توكيل كاريير انه تابع لاكبر شركة عالمية في انتاج وتصنيع التكيفات لذلك فريق العمل المتواجد لدي توكيلنا يكون علي دراية كاملة و واسعة بكل المحتويات الداخلية والخارجية للتكيفات وكيفية التعامل مع اي تلف او عطل ممكن التواجد في اي جزء
http://www.carriermaintenance.com/

توكيل كاريير wrote 1 week 4 days ago

Easily, the article is actually the best topic on this registry related issue. I fit in with your conclusions and will eagerly look forward to your next updates. Just saying thanks will not just be sufficient, for the fantasti c lucidity in your writing. I will instantly grab your rss feed to stay informed of any updates.
exterior components of a bed

Anonymous wrote 1 week 4 days ago

What a good blog you have here. Please update it more often. This topics is my interest. Thank you. . .
民間借貸

devidmiller5060 wrote 1 week 4 days ago

This important info most probably significant gifts for bridesmaids

jnnlthrs01 wrote 1 week 5 days ago

Amazing web page. I unique becoming comfortable with your details aspect learn to build a chicken coop

tnrylnds01 wrote 1 week 5 days ago

Mmm.. good to be here in your article or post, whatever, I think I should also work hard for my own website like I see some good and updated working in your site.
this kind of bestmattress-brand manufacturing

bilal khan wrote 1 week 5 days ago

Needed to compose you a tiny note to finally thank you very much yet again for your personal splendid methods you have discussed above.
esta questions

Anonymous wrote 2 weeks 1 hour ago

This type excellent site awesome obtain legal steroids

aswllms01 wrote 2 weeks 1 day ago

وفر لكم في شركة البدر تركيب كافة اشكال
http://www.brickksa.com
بخامات وجودة عالية تناسب كافة اذواق العملاء موقعنا
قرميد

قرميد wrote 2 weeks 1 day ago

Pretty good post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed reading your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you post again soon.
mcsd certification

Anonymous wrote 2 weeks 1 day ago

Nice site. On your blogs very interest and i will tell a friends.
boombox theme tutorial

Anonymous wrote 2 weeks 2 days ago

I would expert to say advantages it to you for the gives you had appropriate for doing this unique developing bridesmaid jewelry

jnnlthrs01 wrote 2 weeks 2 days ago

Fascinating and stunning how your post is! It Is Useful and accommodating for me That I like it all that much, and I am anticipating Hearing from your next.. Criminal

Learn More wrote 2 weeks 2 days ago

This website is a amazing launch how to increase egg productivity

tnrylnds01 wrote 2 weeks 4 days ago

Much obliged for each other educational site. The spot else might just I understand that sort of data written in such a perfect means? I have an endeavor that I'm a few seconds ago working on, and I have been watchful for such data. KeywoCar/Truck/Auto Accident

Learn More wrote 2 weeks 4 days ago

An intriguing dialog is value remark. I feel that it is best to compose more on this matter, it may not be an unthinkable subject however ordinarily people are insufficient to chat on such themes. To the following. Salud. Community Property

Learn More wrote 2 weeks 4 days ago

one of the most used folding options is precisely the Tri Fold brochure printing. cheap flyer printing in singapore

Anonymous wrote 2 weeks 4 days ago

I chose to be here because I heard you have a great website. hydroxycut black review

Cesar wrote 2 weeks 4 days ago

Thank you for taking the time to publish this information very useful! divorce

sonia wrote 2 weeks 5 days ago

شركة اسفلت الشركة الكبري المتحخصصه في مجال سفلته طرق علي اعلي مستوي من خلال افضل الات السفلته وفرد الزقت والقطران علي الطرق حتي تستطيع ان تؤمن طريقك ضد الحوادث والاضرار الاخري التي تؤثر علي الطريق.

سفلته طرق wrote 2 weeks 6 days ago

Add A Comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <img> <div> <pre> <address> <h1> <h2> <h3> <h4> <h5> <h6> <blockquote> <p>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Use <bib>citekey</bib> or [bib]citekey[/bib] to insert automatically numbered references.

More information about formatting options

By submitting this form, you accept the Mollom privacy policy.