Take risks subject to vigilant evaluation and public review. 

Advocates

Compare

Daniel Botkin

“Not only is monitoring of the state of nature required, but scientific research must be an integral part of the management of nature.” Discordant Harmonies, 195

Wetland restoration source: wikimedia

If, as Daniel Botkin argues, ecosystems are subject to unpredictable and ever-changing change, how then can we act? If we can't definitively determine how many wolves there should be, or what the proper level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is, how can we responsibly manage animal populations and set carbon targets? The Postscript to Botkin's Discordant Harmonies offers a set of instructions for a land-use scheme that can allow for real-time testing and response, in which the maintenance of ecosystems is simultaneously a site for engineering pilot tests and scientific analysis.

Botkin proposes the construction of “three kinds of natural areas that we must maintain in the future.”

The first, “no-action wilderness” would be “an area untouched by direct human actions, no matter what happens. This kind of wilderness is necessary for observation as a baseline from which scientists can measure the effects of human actions elsewhere; it is an essential calibration of the dials we should set upto monitor the state of nature. Such areas are also important because they will help in the mainenance of biological diversity. Some of them may be pleasant for recreation, but some may not be, and some may become a nature never seen before.

"The second kind, preagricultural wilderness, is an area that has the appearance of landscape or seascape that most closely matches the ideal of wilderness as it has been thought about in recent decades. In North and South America, Australia, New Zealand, and other places in which the time of arrival of modern technological man is readily dated, the idea is to create natural areas that appear as they did when first viewed by the European explorers. … If natural means simply before human intervention, then all these habiats could be claimed as natural, contrary to what people really mean and really want. What people want in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area is the wilderness as seen by the voyageurs and a landscape that gives the feeling of being untouched by people.

“The conservation area, the third type of natural region, is set aside to conserve biological diversity, either for a specific species—for example, the Kirtland's warbler—or for a kind of ecological community. Because we have so altered the landscape and have allowed inadvertently only small patches of former habitats to remain, most of these areas require active intervention on our part if they are to persist.” Discordant Harmonies, 194-195.

Botkin describes a world beyond wilderness, and beyond a nature outside of human existence. “Nature in the twenty-first century will be a nature that we make.” Discordant Harmonies, 193

Commentary

Heather Rogers

"Well who sets the true cost? Where does it start? Where does it stop? I like the idea. I think it's an important and useful concept. But how do you actually do that? If you actually did that the economy would crash. We wouldn't be able to afford to buy anything. Realistically that isn't going to work. So, how do we actually deal with what the idea of true cost pricing is pointing at? Which is, how do we not destroy nature?  Let's just do that."

(Underdome Interview)

References

Comments (3355)

This article gives the light in which we can observe the reality. This is very nice one and gives indepth information. Thanks for this nice article. mike

Mikehl35 wrote 2 years 7 weeks ago

If natural means simply before human intervention, then all these habiats could be claimed as natural.bubblegum casting

Anonymous wrote 2 years 7 weeks ago

Thank you for the sensible critique. Me & my neighbour were preparing to do some research about that. We got a good book on that matter from our local library and most books where not as influensive as your information. marijuana business seminars

Anonymous wrote 2 years 7 weeks ago

This is a very good tips especially to those new to blogosphere, brief and accurate information… Thanks for sharing this one. A must read article. old school new body steve holman reviews

AngelChris wrote 2 years 7 weeks ago

Estimasi yang tepat dari bahan - Hal ini dimungkinkan untuk memperkirakan kebutuhan yang tepat dari bahan-bahan jika data yang dipelihara dengan baik Harga Baja plat kapal Tangerang Agen Besi plat hitam eser 4'x8' 50 mm raya kota

tembam wrote 2 years 8 weeks ago

christian-apparel.com Thanks Fiona – good point. For most of us, orienting our lives towards love is a huge change. However, once it takes hold, the economic problems usually fade into the background. I’ll reflect on that for the next book

Anonymous wrote 2 years 8 weeks ago

Really great post, Thank you for sharing This knowledge.Excellently written article, if only all bloggers offered the same level of content as you, the internet would be a much better place. stretch wrapping machine

Anonymous wrote 2 years 8 weeks ago

power bank I have been using this for almost a week and have lost 3 pounds. No change in lifestyle. I feel my appetite being suppressed through out the day. Cravings are gone and manageable. I feel better over all too

Anonymous wrote 2 years 8 weeks ago

l just want to thank you for sharing your information and website ,this is simple ,but good article i have ever seen.l learned something today! Thanks. powerbank

Anonymous wrote 2 years 8 weeks ago

holychristiantshirts Really great post, Thank you for sharing This knowledge.Excellently written article, if only all bloggers offered the same level of content as you, the internet would be a much better place. Please keep it up!

Anonymous wrote 2 years 8 weeks ago

Wonderful!! this is really one of the most beneficial blogs I’ve ever browsed on this subject. I am very glad to read such a great blog and thank you for sharing this good info with us. Online

Anonymous wrote 2 years 8 weeks ago

Awesome Post. Thanks for sharing this information
Baby Box Office Collection
Baby First Day Collection
Baby Total Collection
arijit

Baby Box Office Collection wrote 2 years 8 weeks ago

I wish to show thanks to you just for bailing me out of this particular trouble.As a result of checking through the the net and meeting techniques that were not productive, I was thinking my life was done. self published author by Article Trunk

Anonymous wrote 2 years 8 weeks ago

cheap car parts usa I wish to show thanks to you just for bailing me out of this particular trouble.As a result of checking through the the net and meeting techniques that were not productive, I was thinking my life was done.

Anonymous wrote 2 years 8 weeks ago

The next time I read a blog, I hope that it doesn’t disappoint me as much as this one. I mean, I know it was my choice to read, but I actually thought you’d have something interesting to say Sagra Annurca

Anonymous wrote 2 years 8 weeks ago

Good post, some very important and interesting information. You're a talented and skilled blogger by the looks of it. How often do you update and post from your blog? Your website layout is also impressive. Overall great job - I enjoyed my visit. http://www.dietmythsandfacts.com/2013/11/feast-your-fat-away-review.html

Tania2012 wrote 2 years 8 weeks ago

This is an awesome post. Just one of the very best post I've ever seen. What a really good and awesome post. Keep up your work on articles. Edward Bass Films

Anonymous wrote 2 years 8 weeks ago

All Edward Bass KW Like so many others, I was thrilled to hear that both the Duchess of Cambridge and her new son received such excellent care and that the delivery was safe and successful.

Anonymous wrote 2 years 8 weeks ago

This is a fantastic website and I can not recommend you guys enough. I really appreciate your post. It is very helpful for all the people on the web. Edward Bass Films

Anonymous wrote 2 years 8 weeks ago

I would like to thank you for your nicely written content, its useful and your writing style helped me to read it without any difficulty. Thanks Edward Bass Films

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

I am in the middle of working on a school report on this topic and your post has helped me with the information I needed to complete it. Thanks. download aplikasi

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

I’ll immediately grasp your rss feed as I can not find your e-mail subscription hyperlink or newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly let me recognize so that I may just subscribe. Thanks. dripfollowers

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

I am happy to find this post very useful for me, as it contains lot of information. I always prefer to read the quality content and this thing I found in you post. Thanks for sharing. follow fy

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

I’ve a undertaking that I am simply now operating on, and I have been at the look out for such info. moving help

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

Definitely a great post. Hats off to you! The information that you have provided is very helpful. Autolackierung Hagen

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

I am happy to find this post very useful for me, as it contains lot of information. I always prefer to read the quality content and this thing I found in you post. Thanks for sharing. furnace service and repairs

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

You're in point of fact a just right webmaster. The website loading speed is amazing. It kind of feels that you're doing any distinctive trick. Repair a Varnished Wooden Floor

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

Edward Bass Films Great post i must say and thanks for the information. Education is definitely a sticky subject. However, is still among the leading topics of our time. I appreciate your post and look forward to more.

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

Pretty good post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed reading your blog posts. En uygun banka kredisi bulma

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

Working on the movie was a lot of hard work, but Westenhofer says the artistic results exceeded his expectations. buy facebook likes

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

I thought I would leave my first comment. I don’t know what to say except that I have enjoyed reading. Cameron Park shuttle

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life Edward Bass Films

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

Good post. I learn sometҺing neա annd challenging on blogs Ι stumbleupon еverʏ day.
It ԝill ɑlways Ƅе helpful to read tɦrough content fгom otɦer authors аnd use a little somethijng from othеr sites.

My website :: properties in costa rica

Denny wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

cartoon fabric I think it's really important to remember that if you want to find a real payday loan company, you need to find one that is a lender and not one of those portal websites

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

Nice information, valuable and excellent design, as share good stuff with good ideas and concepts, lots of great information and inspiration, both of which I need, thanks to offer such a helpful information here.
Plastic Surgery Costa

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

disneyland parijs I would love to stop by. But, I think it might have to wait until this summer. I did not know that Serlkay had ever expanded its size. I must say that a succesful family owned business in this day and age is a very refreshing sight! As well as this is a very refreshing site!

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

This new article of yours is a mind-blowing one. There are not many articles which impress me. But, this one has by quite a lot of impressing. I really liked all of the elements in this article and I hope I will see the quality of this article continued in the other articles that you will publish in the future as well. Fort Pierce Eye Doctor

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

fishing sinker Though when i requested versions own cell laptop or computer or maybe computer system truth, your present successful dissertation employed practically your whole brand new a lot of desires, may likely become knowledgeably designed, aside from generated out of versions control.

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

Great post i must say and thanks for the information. Education is definitely a sticky subject. However, is still among the leading topics of our time. I appreciate your post and look forward to more. Movies

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

I will definitely bookmark your website. I am happy to found such useful and interesting post which is written in well maner.I really increased my knowledge after read your post which will be beneficial for me mittekirurgiline rasvaimu

Anonymous wrote 2 years 9 weeks ago

I was very pleased to find this site.I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post. http://www.nolimitly.com/

John654 wrote 2 years 10 weeks ago

C Programming The betting slip is highly functional with the excellent feature of being able to automatically lock in higher odds should the odds shift in your favour before the bet is processed. One feature we really like is the display of the minimum and maximum accepted wagers for each selection in the slip.

Anonymous wrote 2 years 10 weeks ago

I definitely enjoying every little bit of it It is a great website and nice share I want to thank you Good job! You guys do a great blog, and have some great contents Pakistani Suits

Anonymous wrote 2 years 10 weeks ago

posters This is an awesome post. Just one of the very best post I've ever seen. What a really good and awesome post. Keep up your work on articles

Anonymous wrote 2 years 10 weeks ago

Actually I am not habituate to reply a comment on blogs but this blog caught my attention and I am compelled to write a comment here to express my gratitude to you. I would like to appreciate for this awesome work beard oil australia

Anonymous wrote 2 years 10 weeks ago

Do you want to take your fitness a new level? Contact us now to organise a free trial session! Meet the group at the lovely and diverse All Nations Park, opposite KMart at the rear car park of Northcote Shopping Plaza small business loans

Anonymous wrote 2 years 10 weeks ago

cool gadgets to buy Took me time to read all the comments, but I really enjoyed the article. It proved to be Very helpful to me and I am sure to all the commenters here! It’s always nice when you can not only be informed, but also entertained!

Anonymous wrote 2 years 10 weeks ago

This is a great inspiring article.I am pretty much pleased with your good work.You put really helpful information Larnaca Airport Transfers

Anonymous wrote 2 years 10 weeks ago

inkjet printer ink This amazing site will be interesting and as well as heaped with important material. Have expressing and that I will forever assist this site

Anonymous wrote 2 years 10 weeks ago

fachadas de casas I want to get behind this so much. You speak with so much authority, so much spirit, I feel as though you've definitely hit the nail on the head.

Anonymous wrote 2 years 10 weeks ago

Add A Comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <img> <div> <pre> <address> <h1> <h2> <h3> <h4> <h5> <h6> <blockquote> <p>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Use <bib>citekey</bib> or [bib]citekey[/bib] to insert automatically numbered references.

More information about formatting options

By submitting this form, you accept the Mollom privacy policy.