Take risks subject to vigilant evaluation and public review. 

Advocates

Compare

Daniel Botkin

“Not only is monitoring of the state of nature required, but scientific research must be an integral part of the management of nature.” Discordant Harmonies, 195

Wetland restoration source: wikimedia

If, as Daniel Botkin argues, ecosystems are subject to unpredictable and ever-changing change, how then can we act? If we can't definitively determine how many wolves there should be, or what the proper level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is, how can we responsibly manage animal populations and set carbon targets? The Postscript to Botkin's Discordant Harmonies offers a set of instructions for a land-use scheme that can allow for real-time testing and response, in which the maintenance of ecosystems is simultaneously a site for engineering pilot tests and scientific analysis.

Botkin proposes the construction of “three kinds of natural areas that we must maintain in the future.”

The first, “no-action wilderness” would be “an area untouched by direct human actions, no matter what happens. This kind of wilderness is necessary for observation as a baseline from which scientists can measure the effects of human actions elsewhere; it is an essential calibration of the dials we should set upto monitor the state of nature. Such areas are also important because they will help in the mainenance of biological diversity. Some of them may be pleasant for recreation, but some may not be, and some may become a nature never seen before.

"The second kind, preagricultural wilderness, is an area that has the appearance of landscape or seascape that most closely matches the ideal of wilderness as it has been thought about in recent decades. In North and South America, Australia, New Zealand, and other places in which the time of arrival of modern technological man is readily dated, the idea is to create natural areas that appear as they did when first viewed by the European explorers. … If natural means simply before human intervention, then all these habiats could be claimed as natural, contrary to what people really mean and really want. What people want in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area is the wilderness as seen by the voyageurs and a landscape that gives the feeling of being untouched by people.

“The conservation area, the third type of natural region, is set aside to conserve biological diversity, either for a specific species—for example, the Kirtland's warbler—or for a kind of ecological community. Because we have so altered the landscape and have allowed inadvertently only small patches of former habitats to remain, most of these areas require active intervention on our part if they are to persist.” Discordant Harmonies, 194-195.

Botkin describes a world beyond wilderness, and beyond a nature outside of human existence. “Nature in the twenty-first century will be a nature that we make.” Discordant Harmonies, 193

Commentary

Heather Rogers

"Well who sets the true cost? Where does it start? Where does it stop? I like the idea. I think it's an important and useful concept. But how do you actually do that? If you actually did that the economy would crash. We wouldn't be able to afford to buy anything. Realistically that isn't going to work. So, how do we actually deal with what the idea of true cost pricing is pointing at? Which is, how do we not destroy nature?  Let's just do that."

(Underdome Interview)

References

Comments (3215)

checking through the net, Appreciation for being really thoughtful. The post contains really beneficial information. Periodico en Albacete.
furniture designs

arbazkhan wrote 8 weeks 2 days ago

This is a smart blog. I mean it. You have so much knowledge about this issue, and so much passion. You also know how to make people rally behind it, obviously from the responses. Youve got a design here thats not too flashy, but makes a statement as big as what youre saying. Great job, indeed.
medicare leads

ajju wrote 8 weeks 3 days ago

omg! can’t imagine how fast time pass, after August, ber months time already and Setempber is the first Christmas season in my place, I really love it!
free account 2017

Anonymous wrote 8 weeks 3 days ago

Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I genuinely enjoyed reading it, you are a great author. I will be sure to bookmark your blog and may come back very soon. I want to encourage you to definitely continue your great job, have a nice weekend.חברת ייעוץ עסקי

arbazkhan wrote 8 weeks 4 days ago

You're in point of fact a just right webmaster. The website loading speed is amazing. It kind of feels that you're doing any distinctive trick. Moreover, The contents are masterpiece. you have done a fantastic activity on this subject!
life insurance leads

http://www.us-leads.com/

ajju wrote 8 weeks 4 days ago

This is a really good post this. Truly, a magnificent art is making an article. And you are quite a master at that art. I would tell you to keep on continuing this awesome work of yours

افضل شركة نقل عفش بالدمام

افضل شركة نقل اثاث بالدمام

arbazkhan wrote 8 weeks 5 days ago

شركة تنظيف منازل بالقطيف

شركة تنظيف منازل بالدمام

I am genuinely thankful to the holder of this web page who has shared this wonderful paragraph at at this place

arbazkhan wrote 8 weeks 5 days ago

Yes, great US Military force. Also, in his post you have given a chance to listen about US Military. I really appreciate your work. Thanks for sharing it.
XD wheels

devidmiller5060 wrote 8 weeks 5 days ago

Just pure brilliance from you here. I have never expected something less than this from you and you have not disappointed me at all. I suppose you will keep the quality work going on.

شركة نقل عفش بالدمام

شركة نقل اثاث بالدمام

arbazkhan wrote 8 weeks 5 days ago

I do not have words to praise your blog, am quite impressed from your website and wanna see more on this soon, so provide more information this is my special request to you.
Chris Walker - top SEO expert

Alex John wrote 8 weeks 5 days ago

Just try to specify ones substance can be as unimaginable. This clarity with your post is heavenly and that i may believe you're a master for this issue. High caliber alongside your agree license me to grab your present provide for keep adjusted by utilizing drawing closer blog entry. Much appreciated many alongside you ought to go on the pleasurable take care of business. ivanos sandpoint

Anonymous wrote 8 weeks 6 days ago

A debt of gratitude is in order for the post and extraordinary tips..even I additionally imagine that diligent work is the most vital part of getting achievement.. messebau frankfurt

peter wrote 8 weeks 6 days ago

We convey and have entry to the most astounding quality brands of furniture including La-Z-Boy, Comfy Lounger, Garstone Moran, Sealy Posturepedic Bedding, Domino Bedding, King Koil Bedding and Comfort Sleep Bedding to give some examples. Bedding Sales Batemans Bay

wesleyscoth wrote 8 weeks 6 days ago

I also benefit from learning the assessments, but learn that alot of people ought to stay on essay to try and add worth in the direction of the authentic weblog release.
Dallas locksmith

ajju wrote 8 weeks 6 days ago

Notwithstanding, purchasing furniture is difficult, particularly when you have no data about the sort of woods and the completions utilized for particular items as a part of your home. Mattress Sales Nowra Canberra

robitthomson wrote 9 weeks 8 hours ago

شركة مكافحة النمل الابيض بالدمام
Your blogs further more each else volume is so entertaining further serviceable It appoints me befall retreat encore. I will instantly grab your rss feed to stay informed of any updates.

arbazkhan wrote 9 weeks 17 hours ago

I’m happy I located this blog! From time to time, students want to cognitive the keys of productive literary essays composing. Your first-class knowledge about this good post can become a proper basis for such people.
شركة تنظيف بالرياض

arbazkhan wrote 9 weeks 18 hours ago

Dallas Local Locksmith
That's what makes you the best. You should keep publishing more articles and you will Such Become One of the best writers ever

arbazkhan wrote 9 weeks 22 hours ago

I always prefer to read the quality content and this thing I found in you post. Thanks for sharing.
niche relevant backlinks

Anonymous wrote 9 weeks 2 days ago

check over here marketing1on1
Mmm.. good to be here in your article or post, whatever, I think I should also work hard for my own website like I see some good and updated working in your site.

arbazkhan wrote 9 weeks 4 days ago

Thanks for sharing nice information with us. i like your post and all you share with us is up to date and quite informative, i would like to bookmark the page so i can come here again to read you, as you have done a wonderful job. www.essayhave-review.com

www.essayhave-review.com wrote 9 weeks 4 days ago

ampoule,
Mmm.. good to be here in your article or post, whatever, I think I should also work hard for my own website like I see some good and updated working in your site.

arbazkhan wrote 9 weeks 4 days ago

demio webinar review
Mmm.. good to be here in your article or post, whatever, I think I should also work hard for my own website like I see some good and updated working in your site.

arbazkhan wrote 9 weeks 4 days ago

UFC 205

UFC 205

mcgregor vs alvarez

UFC 205 streaming tv

Anonymous wrote 9 weeks 5 days ago

http://www.flipkarthdfcoffer.in

Flipkart is one of the biggest world wide eCommerce Site so here you will get Flipkart hdfc Offer so please check it once our site Flipkart Mobile Offers thank you

flipkart hdfc offers wrote 9 weeks 5 days ago

That's what makes you the best. You should keep publishing more articles and you will Such Become One of the best writers ever
גן אירועים

arbazkhan wrote 9 weeks 5 days ago

seo experts
That's what makes you the best. You should keep publishing more articles and you will Such Become One of the best writers ever

arbazkhan wrote 9 weeks 5 days ago

Smart post buddy! I will make the most of this information and spread it amongst my friends too!
IT-Solutions Canada

Alex John wrote 9 weeks 6 days ago

The information you have posted is very useful. The sites you have referred was good. Thanks for sharing...hcg

hcg wrote 9 weeks 6 days ago

Buy Marijuana Online
Our Weed Online shop is one of the most reliable medical marijuana shop online. We have distribution branches in the US,Canada and Europe.People can now buy weed online without a prescription card as we have many strains of weed for sale online. We produce many strains of weed for sale which helps people feel better with regards to their health. Anxiety and people who need pain relief and now buy marijuana online without necessary have a prescription document as we make it available for everyone who needs medical marijuana to buy from our many medical strains of marijuana for sale online.

arbazkhan wrote 9 weeks 6 days ago

wow, great, I was wondering how to cure acne naturally. and found your site by google, learned a lot, now i’m a bit clear. I’ve bookmark your site and also add rss. keep us updated.
When we love by Pheroah RNB

arbazkhan wrote 9 weeks 6 days ago

I was very pleased to find this site.I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post.
black friday online deals

devidmiller5060 wrote 10 weeks 2 hours ago

deltaweld 652
This is a wonderful article, Given so much info in it, These type of articles keeps the users interest in the website, and keep on sharing more ... good luck.

arbazkhan wrote 10 weeks 4 hours ago

www.adderinreviews.com discover more
Many thanks for the exciting blog posting! Simply put your blog post to my favorite blog list and will look forward for additional updates. Simply wanted to write down a word in order to say thanks to you for those wonderful tips.

arbazkhan wrote 10 weeks 17 hours ago

Thank you for your post..

Buy Dianabol Canada

Dianabol Canada wrote 10 weeks 20 hours ago

ampoule,
This is a wonderful article, Given so much info in it, These type of articles keeps the users interest in the website, and keep on sharing more ... good luck.

arbazkhan wrote 10 weeks 1 day ago

I am exploring this subject as part of a report I need to do on possible careers I might choose. Thank you for your post it has valuable information on this topic.
funny electrician tshirts

Goldrup wrote 10 weeks 1 day ago

Incredible articles and extraordinary design. Your blog entry merits the greater part of the positive input it's been getting. mikrowelle

Anonymous wrote 10 weeks 1 day ago

This is a good post. This post gives truly quality information. I’m definitely going to look into it. Really very useful tips are provided here. Thank you so much. Keep up the good works. filmes lançamentos

filmes lançamentos wrote 10 weeks 1 day ago

Merry Christmas Best Wishes Quotes
Merry Christmas Wishes

Anonymous wrote 10 weeks 2 days ago

What's Going down i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I have discovered It positively useful and it has aided me out loads. I am hoping to contribute & aid different users like its helped me. Great job.
christmas 2016 best wishes
Merry Christmas quotes

Anonymous wrote 10 weeks 2 days ago

In the Mumbai! All over India!

www.thechristmasboys.com

Anonymous wrote 10 weeks 2 days ago

Pretty good post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed reading your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you post again soon.
Wordpress Web Design

arbazkhan wrote 10 weeks 2 days ago

Thanks for posting this info.
Angela

Anonymous wrote 10 weeks 3 days ago

Great mixtape
Your blogs further more each else volume is so entertaining further serviceable It appoints me befall retreat encore. I will instantly grab your rss feed to stay informed of any updates.

arbazkhan wrote 10 weeks 4 days ago

I really appreciate the kind of topics you post here. Thanks for sharing us a great information that is actually helpful. Marissa Webb

Marissa Webb wrote 10 weeks 4 days ago

Your site is really nice and unique. This is one of the best ideas that you had come up for the people and I do hope that they can have better future.
Fashion Retail

Anonymous wrote 10 weeks 4 days ago

hello fashion blog
I simply wanted to write down a quick word in order to say thanks to you for those wonderful tips and hints you are showing on this site.

ajju wrote 10 weeks 5 days ago

After reading this I thought it was very informative. Thank you for taking the time and effort to put this article together. I find myself once again spending way to much time to both read and comment. But so what it was still worth it!

wikileaks clinton email

arbazkhan wrote 10 weeks 5 days ago

Add A Comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <img> <div> <pre> <address> <h1> <h2> <h3> <h4> <h5> <h6> <blockquote> <p>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Use <bib>citekey</bib> or [bib]citekey[/bib] to insert automatically numbered references.

More information about formatting options

By submitting this form, you accept the Mollom privacy policy.