Mobilize change through state intervention and ownership. 



American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

“So then you get the argument, well, this is not a stimulus bill, this is a spending bill.  What do you think a stimulus is?  That's the whole point.  No, seriously. That's the point." President Barack Obama

Obama signing the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. source: wikimedia

"[T]his plan will begin to end the tyranny of oil in our time -- doubles our capacity to generate alternative sources of energy, like wind and solar and biofuels.  And it does it in three years; saves taxpayers billions of dollars; makes federal buildings more efficient; saves the average working family hundreds of dollars on their energy bills.  After decades of empty rhetoric, that's the down payment that we need on energy independence.” President Barack Obama

Touted as the new New Deal, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) could be the epitome of public sector investment in contemporary America.  It contains directives and funding from Washington, and it did so with the rhetoric of strong and swift leadership.  The ARRA is a stimulus packaged to embody the coordination and integration of the top-down action embraced in times of crisis.  And yet the ARRA is diffuse in its execution, as it directs stimulus funding to shovel-ready projects in the works by state and local governments. 

Its approach and promotion are premised on the need for urgency and the resulting need for centralized decision making. In a speech with Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu in February of 2009, President Barack Obama impassioned: “This is the moment for leadership that matches the great test of our times.  And I know you want to work with me to get there. If we do not move swiftly to sign the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act into law, an economy that is already in crisis will be faced with catastrophe.  This is not my assessment.  This is not Nancy Pelosi's assessment.  This is the assessment of the best economists in the country. This is the assessment of some of the former advisors of some of the same folks who are making these criticisms right now. Millions more Americans will lose their jobs.  Homes will be lost. Families will go without health care. Our crippling dependence on foreign oil will continue.  That is the price of inaction.” President Barack Obama.  The need for comprehensive, swift, and decisive action from the top was supported against the risk of maintaining the economic status quo:  “With government making so many monumental decisions in such a short time, there will surely be unintended consequences…But policymakers’ most serious missteps so far have come from acting too slowly, too timidly, and in a seemingly scattershot way.” The Economic Impact of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

Energy-related measures in the ARRA involve both public-sector investments and private-sector incentives.  The improvements to government buildings may have a great effect on energy efficiency nationwide, given that the government has been estimated to be the largest energy consumer in the country.  While these effects may be substantial, the legislation mandates energy efficiency improvements in government-owned properties, leaving the private market to participate in such improvements voluntarily with the incentives presented by tax credits.  In addition to funding federal-level efficiency measures, the ARRA includes funding for state and local governments to improve the energy efficiency in their buildings.  Funds were allocated at the federal, state, and local levels for investment in energy-efficient vehicles. Other measures include: 

  • The ARRA created several funding measures for the improvement of energy efficiency of government buildings.  The legislation created an Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings within the General Services Administration and allocated funding for energy-efficiency improvements to federal buildings.  Further, $4 billion was invested toward improving energy efficiency in public housing.   
  • The ARRA provided funding for energy-related infrastructural improvements.  These investments included $11 billion in funding for an electric smart grid and $4.5 billion for the Office of Electricity and Energy Reliability to modernize the nation’s electrical grid.  Further, the ARRA also included $6 billion in loans for renewable energy and electric transmission technologies loan guarantees.  Additionally, the program provides $3.25 billion specifically for the Western Area Power Administration for power transmission system upgrades. 
  • The ARRA dedicated $3.2 billion toward Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants.

While the ARRA has been rejected from the right as an over-inflation of state powers and deficits, it's scope is limited by its implementation structure: "But where the New Deal was designed around a series of monumental public works projects, ARRA is structured around investing in numerous smaller projects, upgrading existing structures and enhancing energy efficiency 'You won't see big iconic structures out of this plan, but the impact of new sustainable technologies society will be enormous', describes Andrew Goldberg, senior director of Federal Affairs at the American Institute of Architects in Washington, DC." Jaffer Kolb, Architectural Review Critics argue that the speed of the needed investment into the economy does not guarantee that the funding will go to the best projects or most qualified recipients.

The ARRA doesn't reach far enough, argues Nancy Levinson, editor of Places: "[I]t seems increasingly — depressingly — clear that the Great Recession is not (yet) sparking a new New Deal, a contemporary WPA. The New Deal was a big-scale, legacy-building, vision-to-burn public sector response to national crisis. But in 2010, unlike in the '30s, we confront our crisis in a social-political climate that's to a large degree contemptuous of public sector solutions, and more, hostile to the very idea of the public.” The Public Works

Vishaan Chakrabarti

 “Imagine they said 'America, we have a silver bullet. We are going to rebuild this country.'" Being Dense about Denmark

Levittown, Pennsylvania. source: wikimedia 

President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Federal Highway Act of 1964. source: wikimedia

As an advocate for dense urban development, Chakrabarti argues that a strong government is necessary to negotiate the complex relationships necessary to make density work. 

Government must take on this responsibility, he argues, because it--and not the free market--was the driving force behind mid-20th Century suburbanization. “We would be wise to remember that the suburbs were a Federal creation – built out of a fear of race, as well as a nuclear arms race. White flight was synthetic, fueled by a set of policies intended to encourage the use of cars and discourage the use of cities." A Country of Cities

In an interview with Underdome researchers, Chakrabarti explains: "There’s an insufficient understanding today about the fact that the government, over the course of the last half century, has created the lifestyle that most Americans live in. It’s set up all the conditions that people now somehow assume are market-based conditions, which they’re not. I think that fundamentally comes down to the Federal Highway Act, the Federal Mortgage Act, and a series of other policies that we saw the government enact in the ‘40s and the ‘50s. In Title I the government was telling the population that for all sorts of reasons – for issues of public health, issues of national security, because of the fear of the Cold War – that as a population we needed to decentralize. And I think if you look at what [Robert] Moses was doing in terms of the creation of parkways where you couldn’t get a city bus through a parkway that was built on Long Island, there’s a clear kind of stratification that was set up that said, “If you were a successful person in America you lived in the suburbs,” which had the desired effect.

"So, to me, when I call for government action to address issues like infrastructure, it’s basically to reverse this trend and also to make people aware of the fact that the way people live is a highly artificial construct. Suburbs are an artificial construct. They didn’t truly exist in any meaningful way before World War II. A lot of things that we just take for granted don’t necessarily need to be the way they are.” Underdome Interview

How much such changes be made?

 “Perhaps we might hear our leaders promote time-tested ideas of density and mass transportation, of cities using far less energy per capita.  Imagine they instead said 'America, we have a silver bullet. We are going to rebuild this country. We are going to build a new national landscape, and in the process we are going to create jobs, build an innovation economy, rein in health care costs, lower our dependence on foreign oil, and lead the planet to sustainability.“ Being Dense About Denmark

To effect large-scale change, Chakrabarti sketches out a plan called American Smart Infrastructure Act. (ASIA): “We will build and rebuild infrastructure that lowers greenhouse gas emissions and encourages urban density, emphasizing high-speed rail, transmission grids from alternative energy sources, national internet broadband, and critical roadway maintenance. We will  de-emphasize all infrastructure that exacerbates emissions, particularly roadway and airport expansion projects. The government will fund approximately $350 billion (about half of TARP) over three years, solving the nation’s mobility needs while lowering automobile use and censuring the energy devoured by McMansions. The Future of Real Estate

Such bold initiatives require an empowered state: "If you look at China, it is extraordinary to think that they pumped $585 billion of stimulus primarily infrastructural project into the economy in almost no time flat. People say, well they’re not a democracy, we’re a democracy. Well, what does democracy get us? It doesn’t get us Central Park anymore. Do you think Central Park would get built today? No, because some assembly members in Far Rockaway needs a piece of Central Park in Far Rockaway. ... We’ve kind of gone loony about this. We can’t seem to efficiently allocate resources. … Between the political left and the political right in the country where they really join forces is this extraordinary questioning of authority. And that’s something that’s fundamentally different about this country. It’s something that’s great about the country but at the same time it impedes us from being able to say, there is an engineering rationale, or an economic rationale, or an architect rationale ... and actually say what’s more important.” The Future of Real Estate

Density in a democracy is still possible, but more complex: “There are plenty of democratic examples where this stuff is getting built in a more rational way. The classic examples of course are in Europe: London, a new train station in Berlin, a high-speed rail system in Spain. Hong Kong is a kind of quasi-democracy, but it has still a very clear the emphasis on infrastructure. I think there is country after country where you can look to precedents and say, 'You can actually build these big things with community input in a democratic process. It’s slower.” Underdome Interview

Federal Weatherization Program

President Ford signing the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1976. source:

Through the Federal Weatherization Assistance program, the US federal government established funding and technical assistance (which are both administered locally) to assist lower-income individuals in weatherizing their homes.The Federal Weatherization Assistance program is administered by the states individually.  

In New York State, weatherization services are organized through community-based organizations.  "In 2007-2008 approximately $55 million was allocated to 64 community-based organizations" statewide.  New York City includes 16 of these organizations. New York State Division of Housing and Community Renewal.  "Weatherization Assistance Providers."

Tom Friedman

Green is going from boutique to better... from a source of electric power to a source of national power, from an insoluble problem to a great opportunity—economic and geopolitical. Hot, Flat, and Crowded, 213

"What 'red' was to America in the 1950s and 1960s—a symbol of the overarching Communist threat, the symbol that was used to mobilize our country to build up its military, its industrial base, its highways, its railroads, ports, and airports, its educational institutions, and its scientific capabilities to lead the world in defense of freedom—we need 'green' to be for today’s America."  Hot, Flat, and Crowded, 57

"…if we are going to summon the will, focus, and authority to push through a real green revolution, we will need a president who isn’t afraid to do whatever it takes to lead it. To win the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln had to democratically take authority away from the states and invest it in a federal government that he made bigger and stronger than any America had seen since its founding. He even suspended the writ of habeas corpus. Franklin Roosevelt had to transform a weak, thin federal government into the massive institution it is today in order to overcome the Great Depression and win World War II." Hot, Flat, and Crowded, 469


Climate Vision

While over 150 countries entered into the Kyoto treaty, it was rejected by the Bush administration due to the potential economic effects of mandatory emission reductions.  As a result, Climate VISION was initiated by the administration with the goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions.  Critics argue that this approach lacks teeth in that "(1) it arguably does not require any change on the part of industries beyond what would likely take place regardless of the initiative; (2) any change is voluntary; and (3) if they do institute a change, they are praised for making the change.  All in all, the Climate VISION initiative is safe and inexpensive for the “regulated” industries, especially when compared to a real limit on total emissions (rather than a reduction in the ratio of emissions) such as the one required under the Kyoto Protocol.” Is President Bush's Vision Impaired?

Bjorn Lomborg

Lomborg opposes government spending on costly methods of climate mitigation and energy efficiency measures, but advocates government-sponsored investment in energy research and development of climate modification technology.  

To accelerate the development of alternative technologies, he proposes governments of all nations “commit themselves to spending 0.05 percent of GDP in R&D of non-carbon-emitting technologies.”  He claims it would cost a “relatively minor $25 billion per year (seven times cheaper than Kyoto)” and would “recapture the vision of delivering both a low-carbon and high income world.”  Cool It, 156


Comments (1336)

Great webpage brother I am about to notify this to all of my friends and contacts.

Alex John wrote 25 weeks 16 hours ago

Great post I would like to thank you for the efforts you have made in writing this interesting and knowledgeable article Clash of Clans Hack Deutsch

Ashar Seo wrote 25 weeks 17 hours ago

I really delight in whilst I go through your blogs and articles.

Alex John wrote 25 weeks 20 hours ago

Bothbest bamboo aliexpress official online store for bothbest bamboo flooring, bothbest bamboo twitter has lastest photos, bothbest bamboo facebook releases newest coupon, bothbest bamboo google plus has circle of all bamboo related. bothbest bamboo at crunchbase, bothbest bamboo at pinterest.

Anonymous wrote 25 weeks 1 day ago

i was simply skimming along and happened upon your web journal. simply needed to say great online journal and this article truly helped me. buy safe YouTube views

peter wrote 25 weeks 1 day ago

Great blog. All posts have something to learn. Your work is very good and i appreciate you and hopping for some more informative posts.keep writing…
Vid Reaper Review

Harry wrote 25 weeks 2 days ago

It can be a guide to help every body who does not wish to jeopardize their lives by way of utilizing the toxic drugs of the pharma organizations. click this link

Anonymous wrote 25 weeks 2 days ago

Your website is terribly informative and your articles are

alishafox wrote 25 weeks 3 days ago

Exceptionally valuable post. This is my first time i visit here. I discovered such a large number of fascinating stuff in your site particularly its exchange. Truly its awesome article. Keep it up. silver buyer

peter wrote 25 weeks 4 days ago

Very use full and interesting
xender for pc

Raman wrote 25 weeks 4 days ago

And yet the ARRA is diffuse in its execution, as it directs stimulus funding to shovel-ready projects in the works by state and local governments. fashion clothes for men

Anonymous wrote 25 weeks 5 days ago

A multiple number of IT service providers, both in-store and online ensuring quality services.iPhone repair nottingham

Anonymous wrote 25 weeks 5 days ago

nice post. thanks for sharing.
Google Allo

Sanjay Bambhaniya wrote 25 weeks 6 days ago

EZ Battery Reconditioning advisor consists chapters that presents step by step instructions on the right way to recondition your dead battery by using new methods.

Anonymous wrote 26 weeks 19 hours ago

A debt of gratitude is in order for setting aside an ideal opportunity to talk about this, I feel emphatically about it and adoration adapting more on this subject. werbemittel werbeträger

peter wrote 26 weeks 21 hours ago

There is a big demand out there for ordinary movies of actual men and women just sharing what they do not know absolutely infomercials or even business.
TubeLoom Ebook

Anonymous wrote 26 weeks 1 day ago

It’s an outstanding article in favor of all the web guests; they will get benefit from it I am confident.
car insurance michigan vs n carolina

Alex John wrote 26 weeks 1 day ago

It's offensively easy to seek out any matter on web as compared to books, as I found this text at this website.
term life insurance with fixed rates

Alex John wrote 26 weeks 1 day ago

yak sob mungkin tinggal beberapa lagu terbaru yang di hadirkan oleh ane kepada kamu seperti Lagu Suliana dan beberapa penaynyi terkenal lainya seperti Lagu Ikke Nurjanah ada pula penyanyi jazz yang ane hadirkan di sini lagunya yang sangat populer seprti Lagu Afgan ada pula penyanyi lawas yang memiliki pesona yang tak lekang oleh waktu Lagu Iis Sugianto den dengan senang hati ane memberikan beberapa lagu daerah seperti Lagu Sunda ataupun lagu jadul lainya seperi Lagu Broery Marantika .

Lagu Jadul wrote 26 weeks 2 days ago

Exceptionally valuable post. This is my first time i visit here. I discovered such a large number of fascinating stuff in your site particularly its exchange. Truly its awesome article. Keep it up. tattoo supplies

peter wrote 26 weeks 2 days ago

Yes, great US Military force. Also, in his post you have given a chance to listen about US Military. I really appreciate your work. Thanks for sharing it.
telecharger real racing 3

martingarix229 wrote 26 weeks 3 days ago

lagu minang ini merupakan sebuah lagu daerah yang sangat populer dan ada juga lagu india yg merupakan lagu yang sangat populer juga bahkan banyak sekali yang mencarinya ada juga lagu terbaru Lagu terbaru lengkap yang sangat lengkap sekali lagu malaysia iklim yang sangat populer juga ada juga lagu raja dangdut yaitu sebelum itu ada jug lagu new pallapa yang sangat populer sekali sekarng ada juga lagunya
lagu nike ardila yang merupakan lagu tembang kenangan yang nagat hit sekali bahkan populer yang bergenre rock juga ada
lagu slank ini seluarh indonesia sudah mengetahuinya ini baru raja dangdut yaitu lagu rhoma irama ada juga lagunya dangdut lawasjuga yaitu lagu meggy z dan ada juga bah sukses selalu wrote 26 weeks 4 days ago

Should there be another persuasive post you can share next time, I’ll be surely waiting for it.

martingarix229 wrote 26 weeks 5 days ago

We are making a new school for master degree.
TubeLoom Program

Anonymous wrote 26 weeks 6 days ago

Bismillah mulai berjuang lagi Cara Pemesanan Glucoblock Capsule

jhons wrote 27 weeks 3 days ago

My friend mentioned to me your blog, so I thought I’d read it for myself. Very interesting insights, will be back for more
trust flow backlinks builder

shimraseo wrote 27 weeks 3 days ago

his is my first time i visit here. I found so many entertaining stuff in your blog, especially its discussion. From the tons of comments on your articles, I guess I am not the only one having all the leisure here! Keep up the excellent work.
esr rims

devidmiller5060 wrote 27 weeks 5 days ago

My friend mentioned to me your blog, so I thought I’d read it for myself. Very interesting insights, will be back for more!
best amerisleep product for you

martingarix229 wrote 27 weeks 6 days ago

TubeLoom Review will particularly right reply for your keep-at-house persons all around the globe. It only requires your voice and desktop to earn side-income.
This program is the exact, one-of-a-kind, actual house established sales which any one could make further earnings without problems.
TubeLoom Program Review

Anonymous wrote 28 weeks 16 hours ago

I love really this blog site because it provides me the big deal of superb information.
12 week mastery review

Alex John wrote 28 weeks 18 hours ago

Your blogs have allured me a lot. I’ll again visit this great site to get more valuable stuff.

Alex John wrote 28 weeks 2 days ago

bismillah semoga berkah Cara Pemesanan QnC Jelly Gamat Original

jhons wrote 28 weeks 3 days ago

We are looking for the best video podcast designer. Flat Belly Overnight

Anonymous wrote 28 weeks 3 days ago

Your content is shows potential, m gona add this to my bookmarks.ataturk airport to taksim square

Anonymous wrote 28 weeks 3 days ago

Really decent post. I just unearthed your weblog and needed to say that I have truly delighted in searching your blog entries. After all I'll be subscribing to your food and I trust you compose again soon! fahrrad navigation

Anonymous wrote 28 weeks 3 days ago

I really appreciate the kind of topics you post here. Thanks for sharing us a great information that is actually helpful. Good day!
quick belly fat burning exercises for men

Anonymous wrote 28 weeks 4 days ago

This blog is so nice to me. I will keep on coming here again and again. Visit my link as well..
quick belly fat burning exercises for men

Anonymous wrote 28 weeks 4 days ago

kali ini ane akan membagikan sebuah lagu dabgdut Lagu rhoma Irama yang sangat populer sekali bahkan ada juga lagu Lagu Terbaru dan ada juga lagu rock
Lagu Slank dan ada juga lagunya yang bergenre pop yaitu Lagu ungu yang suka dangdut ini ada Lagu New Pallapa dan yang suka Lagu India sudah ane sediakan yang suka lagu anak anak yang mantap Lagu anak islam dan ada juga ini yang suka campur sarian Lagu didi kempot yang suka
Lagu lucu sudah ane siapkan di sini yang suka lagu tetangga yaitu Lagu Malaysia dan terima kasih sudah mampir dan berkunjung di sini

Lagu Full Album wrote 28 weeks 5 days ago

jumpa lagi dengan ane kali ini akan membagikan sebuah game terbaru yaitu Nba live Mobile> yang bisa di kunjungi di website ini game android terbaru yang suka dengan Game Offline silakan di download di website ini dan sebelum itu juga ane memiliki game pes 2015> ada juga Pes 2017>ppssps gold >
dan ini yang suka mancing silakna di kunjungi kail Pancing> yang suka jaring laba laba ini pahlawan spider man> dan suka game tembak Critical ops> dan terima kasih sudah mampir dan berkunjungi website ini,

game terbaru wrote 28 weeks 5 days ago

Hydro Muscle Max Review - UK's Leading Muscle Boosting For example,
one of the latest supplements is Hydro Muscle Max and while it is currently only
available in the United Kingdom, it is worth
Do Not Buy Hydro Muscle Max For United Kingdom SIDE
The technology employed in Hydro Muscle Max is nitrogen
retention anabolic acting in recycling amino acids and
preventing the accumulation
Hydro Muscle Max (UK) Scam? - MUST READ BEFORE BUY Hydro Muscle Max.
There is nothing new we see hundreds of people stop doing gym because they were going every day, devoting the most
inHydro Muscle Max Review - Read side effects before buy
Hydro Muscle Max that promises heaven and earth and gain muscle without effort
simply do not work! And it is not difficult to prove that muscle Hydro Muscle Max trial offer review
- Is this offer a scam?
Hydro Muscle Max is another muscle building supplement that makes
some pretty incredible claims. Can it back them up or is it another scam?

Hydro Muscle Max (UK) Reviews: Free Trial No Side Effects
Hydro Muscle Max (UK) Reviews: Free Trial No Side Effects Hydro muscle max is a #1 lean muscle building
supplement in UK. Read hydro muscle max reviews, side effects, ingredients, price &
where to
hydro-max-muscle-trials If you have decided to join
a gym, then there are few things, which you will have to
look after before you pay for the Hydro Muscle Max is a supplement intended to fulfill the sexual desires of
men and ultimately of their partners. Sexual performance
is such

Hannah wrote 28 weeks 5 days ago

Shinta AWK Tour merupakan perusahaan yang melayani biro perjalanan wisata di solo seperti paket wisata solo, tiket pesawat,tiket kereta api, sewa mobil solo dan sewa bus pariwisata solo. Shinta Awk Tour merupakan sebuah perusahaan mandiri yang berdiri pada tanggal 5 Agustus 2012. Kantor shinta AWK Tour sendiri beralamatkan di Jl Parang Baron, Windan RT 01/08 Makam Haji Kartasura Sukoharjo.klik di sini untk info harga sewa bus wisata solo

Anonymous wrote 28 weeks 5 days ago

There is a big demand out there for ordinary movies of actual men and women just sharing what they do not know absolutely infomercials or even business.
visit the website

Anonymous wrote 28 weeks 5 days ago

EZ Battery Reconditioning consultant includes 21 chapters that provides step-by-step instructional materials on methods to recondition your dead battery by means of new ways. That you would be able to retailer thousands through reconditioning ancient batteries.
read the full article

Anonymous wrote 28 weeks 5 days ago

Really decent post. I just unearthed your weblog and needed to say that I have truly delighted in searching your blog entries. After all I'll be subscribing to your food and I trust you compose again soon! girlsdoporn

Anonymous wrote 28 weeks 5 days ago

This system can easily formulate an appropriate and effective body workout program which suits your body. Once you follow the guide.
Bar Brothers Review

Anonymous wrote 28 weeks 6 days ago

This program enables you to become an in-demand voice over artist with ease. ranging from the plain old auditions to your own marketing efforts.
VO Genesis Proram Review

Anonymous wrote 28 weeks 6 days ago

Thank you for the article. It help me learn many new things. new iPhone Release

Anonymous wrote 29 weeks 1 hour ago

Add A Comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <img> <div> <pre> <address> <h1> <h2> <h3> <h4> <h5> <h6> <blockquote> <p>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Use <bib>citekey</bib> or [bib]citekey[/bib] to insert automatically numbered references.

More information about formatting options

By submitting this form, you accept the Mollom privacy policy.