Mobilize change through state intervention and ownership. 

Advocates

Compare

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

“So then you get the argument, well, this is not a stimulus bill, this is a spending bill.  What do you think a stimulus is?  That's the whole point.  No, seriously. That's the point." President Barack Obama

Obama signing the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. source: wikimedia

"[T]his plan will begin to end the tyranny of oil in our time -- doubles our capacity to generate alternative sources of energy, like wind and solar and biofuels.  And it does it in three years; saves taxpayers billions of dollars; makes federal buildings more efficient; saves the average working family hundreds of dollars on their energy bills.  After decades of empty rhetoric, that's the down payment that we need on energy independence.” President Barack Obama

Touted as the new New Deal, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) could be the epitome of public sector investment in contemporary America.  It contains directives and funding from Washington, and it did so with the rhetoric of strong and swift leadership.  The ARRA is a stimulus packaged to embody the coordination and integration of the top-down action embraced in times of crisis.  And yet the ARRA is diffuse in its execution, as it directs stimulus funding to shovel-ready projects in the works by state and local governments. 

Its approach and promotion are premised on the need for urgency and the resulting need for centralized decision making. In a speech with Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu in February of 2009, President Barack Obama impassioned: “This is the moment for leadership that matches the great test of our times.  And I know you want to work with me to get there. If we do not move swiftly to sign the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act into law, an economy that is already in crisis will be faced with catastrophe.  This is not my assessment.  This is not Nancy Pelosi's assessment.  This is the assessment of the best economists in the country. This is the assessment of some of the former advisors of some of the same folks who are making these criticisms right now. Millions more Americans will lose their jobs.  Homes will be lost. Families will go without health care. Our crippling dependence on foreign oil will continue.  That is the price of inaction.” President Barack Obama.  The need for comprehensive, swift, and decisive action from the top was supported against the risk of maintaining the economic status quo:  “With government making so many monumental decisions in such a short time, there will surely be unintended consequences…But policymakers’ most serious missteps so far have come from acting too slowly, too timidly, and in a seemingly scattershot way.” The Economic Impact of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

Energy-related measures in the ARRA involve both public-sector investments and private-sector incentives.  The improvements to government buildings may have a great effect on energy efficiency nationwide, given that the government has been estimated to be the largest energy consumer in the country.  While these effects may be substantial, the legislation mandates energy efficiency improvements in government-owned properties, leaving the private market to participate in such improvements voluntarily with the incentives presented by tax credits.  In addition to funding federal-level efficiency measures, the ARRA includes funding for state and local governments to improve the energy efficiency in their buildings.  Funds were allocated at the federal, state, and local levels for investment in energy-efficient vehicles. Other measures include: 

  • The ARRA created several funding measures for the improvement of energy efficiency of government buildings.  The legislation created an Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings within the General Services Administration and allocated funding for energy-efficiency improvements to federal buildings.  Further, $4 billion was invested toward improving energy efficiency in public housing.   
  • The ARRA provided funding for energy-related infrastructural improvements.  These investments included $11 billion in funding for an electric smart grid and $4.5 billion for the Office of Electricity and Energy Reliability to modernize the nation’s electrical grid.  Further, the ARRA also included $6 billion in loans for renewable energy and electric transmission technologies loan guarantees.  Additionally, the program provides $3.25 billion specifically for the Western Area Power Administration for power transmission system upgrades. 
  • The ARRA dedicated $3.2 billion toward Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants.

While the ARRA has been rejected from the right as an over-inflation of state powers and deficits, it's scope is limited by its implementation structure: "But where the New Deal was designed around a series of monumental public works projects, ARRA is structured around investing in numerous smaller projects, upgrading existing structures and enhancing energy efficiency 'You won't see big iconic structures out of this plan, but the impact of new sustainable technologies society will be enormous', describes Andrew Goldberg, senior director of Federal Affairs at the American Institute of Architects in Washington, DC." Jaffer Kolb, Architectural Review Critics argue that the speed of the needed investment into the economy does not guarantee that the funding will go to the best projects or most qualified recipients.

The ARRA doesn't reach far enough, argues Nancy Levinson, editor of Places: "[I]t seems increasingly — depressingly — clear that the Great Recession is not (yet) sparking a new New Deal, a contemporary WPA. The New Deal was a big-scale, legacy-building, vision-to-burn public sector response to national crisis. But in 2010, unlike in the '30s, we confront our crisis in a social-political climate that's to a large degree contemptuous of public sector solutions, and more, hostile to the very idea of the public.” The Public Works

Vishaan Chakrabarti

 “Imagine they said 'America, we have a silver bullet. We are going to rebuild this country.'" Being Dense about Denmark

Levittown, Pennsylvania. source: wikimedia 

President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Federal Highway Act of 1964. source: wikimedia

As an advocate for dense urban development, Chakrabarti argues that a strong government is necessary to negotiate the complex relationships necessary to make density work. 

Government must take on this responsibility, he argues, because it--and not the free market--was the driving force behind mid-20th Century suburbanization. “We would be wise to remember that the suburbs were a Federal creation – built out of a fear of race, as well as a nuclear arms race. White flight was synthetic, fueled by a set of policies intended to encourage the use of cars and discourage the use of cities." A Country of Cities

In an interview with Underdome researchers, Chakrabarti explains: "There’s an insufficient understanding today about the fact that the government, over the course of the last half century, has created the lifestyle that most Americans live in. It’s set up all the conditions that people now somehow assume are market-based conditions, which they’re not. I think that fundamentally comes down to the Federal Highway Act, the Federal Mortgage Act, and a series of other policies that we saw the government enact in the ‘40s and the ‘50s. In Title I the government was telling the population that for all sorts of reasons – for issues of public health, issues of national security, because of the fear of the Cold War – that as a population we needed to decentralize. And I think if you look at what [Robert] Moses was doing in terms of the creation of parkways where you couldn’t get a city bus through a parkway that was built on Long Island, there’s a clear kind of stratification that was set up that said, “If you were a successful person in America you lived in the suburbs,” which had the desired effect.

"So, to me, when I call for government action to address issues like infrastructure, it’s basically to reverse this trend and also to make people aware of the fact that the way people live is a highly artificial construct. Suburbs are an artificial construct. They didn’t truly exist in any meaningful way before World War II. A lot of things that we just take for granted don’t necessarily need to be the way they are.” Underdome Interview

How much such changes be made?

 “Perhaps we might hear our leaders promote time-tested ideas of density and mass transportation, of cities using far less energy per capita.  Imagine they instead said 'America, we have a silver bullet. We are going to rebuild this country. We are going to build a new national landscape, and in the process we are going to create jobs, build an innovation economy, rein in health care costs, lower our dependence on foreign oil, and lead the planet to sustainability.“ Being Dense About Denmark

To effect large-scale change, Chakrabarti sketches out a plan called American Smart Infrastructure Act. (ASIA): “We will build and rebuild infrastructure that lowers greenhouse gas emissions and encourages urban density, emphasizing high-speed rail, transmission grids from alternative energy sources, national internet broadband, and critical roadway maintenance. We will  de-emphasize all infrastructure that exacerbates emissions, particularly roadway and airport expansion projects. The government will fund approximately $350 billion (about half of TARP) over three years, solving the nation’s mobility needs while lowering automobile use and censuring the energy devoured by McMansions. The Future of Real Estate

Such bold initiatives require an empowered state: "If you look at China, it is extraordinary to think that they pumped $585 billion of stimulus primarily infrastructural project into the economy in almost no time flat. People say, well they’re not a democracy, we’re a democracy. Well, what does democracy get us? It doesn’t get us Central Park anymore. Do you think Central Park would get built today? No, because some assembly members in Far Rockaway needs a piece of Central Park in Far Rockaway. ... We’ve kind of gone loony about this. We can’t seem to efficiently allocate resources. … Between the political left and the political right in the country where they really join forces is this extraordinary questioning of authority. And that’s something that’s fundamentally different about this country. It’s something that’s great about the country but at the same time it impedes us from being able to say, there is an engineering rationale, or an economic rationale, or an architect rationale ... and actually say what’s more important.” The Future of Real Estate

Density in a democracy is still possible, but more complex: “There are plenty of democratic examples where this stuff is getting built in a more rational way. The classic examples of course are in Europe: London, a new train station in Berlin, a high-speed rail system in Spain. Hong Kong is a kind of quasi-democracy, but it has still a very clear the emphasis on infrastructure. I think there is country after country where you can look to precedents and say, 'You can actually build these big things with community input in a democratic process. It’s slower.” Underdome Interview

Federal Weatherization Program

President Ford signing the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1976. source: www.energy.gov

Through the Federal Weatherization Assistance program, the US federal government established funding and technical assistance (which are both administered locally) to assist lower-income individuals in weatherizing their homes.The Federal Weatherization Assistance program is administered by the states individually.  

In New York State, weatherization services are organized through community-based organizations.  "In 2007-2008 approximately $55 million was allocated to 64 community-based organizations" statewide.  New York City includes 16 of these organizations. New York State Division of Housing and Community Renewal.  "Weatherization Assistance Providers."
 

Tom Friedman

Green is going from boutique to better... from a source of electric power to a source of national power, from an insoluble problem to a great opportunity—economic and geopolitical. Hot, Flat, and Crowded, 213

"What 'red' was to America in the 1950s and 1960s—a symbol of the overarching Communist threat, the symbol that was used to mobilize our country to build up its military, its industrial base, its highways, its railroads, ports, and airports, its educational institutions, and its scientific capabilities to lead the world in defense of freedom—we need 'green' to be for today’s America."  Hot, Flat, and Crowded, 57

"…if we are going to summon the will, focus, and authority to push through a real green revolution, we will need a president who isn’t afraid to do whatever it takes to lead it. To win the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln had to democratically take authority away from the states and invest it in a federal government that he made bigger and stronger than any America had seen since its founding. He even suspended the writ of habeas corpus. Franklin Roosevelt had to transform a weak, thin federal government into the massive institution it is today in order to overcome the Great Depression and win World War II." Hot, Flat, and Crowded, 469

Commentary

Climate Vision

While over 150 countries entered into the Kyoto treaty, it was rejected by the Bush administration due to the potential economic effects of mandatory emission reductions.  As a result, Climate VISION was initiated by the administration with the goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions.  Critics argue that this approach lacks teeth in that "(1) it arguably does not require any change on the part of industries beyond what would likely take place regardless of the initiative; (2) any change is voluntary; and (3) if they do institute a change, they are praised for making the change.  All in all, the Climate VISION initiative is safe and inexpensive for the “regulated” industries, especially when compared to a real limit on total emissions (rather than a reduction in the ratio of emissions) such as the one required under the Kyoto Protocol.” Is President Bush's Vision Impaired?

Bjorn Lomborg

Lomborg opposes government spending on costly methods of climate mitigation and energy efficiency measures, but advocates government-sponsored investment in energy research and development of climate modification technology.  

To accelerate the development of alternative technologies, he proposes governments of all nations “commit themselves to spending 0.05 percent of GDP in R&D of non-carbon-emitting technologies.”  He claims it would cost a “relatively minor $25 billion per year (seven times cheaper than Kyoto)” and would “recapture the vision of delivering both a low-carbon and high income world.”  Cool It, 156

References

Comments (1340)

Decent information picking up article. This post is truly the best on this profitable subject. Weiterlesen

Anonymous wrote 48 min 40 sec ago

I would surely give 10 on 10 for such incredible content. dugite

Anonymous wrote 22 hours 8 min ago

homemade, handmade gift is so very personal - you are proudly giving something of yourself, your time, your hands, your heart. Children especially embrace this notion. And when times are tight, all the more reason to create handcrafted gifts; it helps with your budget as well as giving you much satisfaction amazon kindle customer service

amazon kindle customer service phone number

Anonymous wrote 2 days 5 hours ago

I would like to say that this blog really convinced me to do it! Thanks, very good post. word cookies game | hill climb racing 2 | five nights at freddy’s 4 | hotmail login

Kidz Kul wrote 4 days 8 hours ago

Simply respecting your work and thinking about how you dealt with this site so well. It’s remarkable to the point that I can’t bear to not experience this significant data at whatever point I surf the web

John Hagee Ministries 2017 Daily Devotional

Anonymous wrote 5 days 16 hours ago

On the off chance that you require any help then please call toll free helpline or live talk with us. www.norton.com/setup

norton 360 support wrote 6 days 2 hours ago

Extremely helpful post. This is my first time i visit here. I discovered such a variety of fascinating stuff in your online journal particularly its exchange. Truly its extraordinary article. Keep it up. online t shirts

robinjack wrote 6 days 3 hours ago

Norton 360 support - Download and Install your Norton Security online to shield your PC from dangers. On the off chance that you require any help then please call toll free helpline or live talk with us. www.norton.com/setup

norton 360 support wrote 6 days 5 hours ago

Nice article..Thanks for sharing with us.
office.com setup

office.com setup wrote 6 days 5 hours ago

Norton 360 support - Download and Install your Norton Security online to shield your PC from dangers. On the off chance that you require any help then please call toll free helpline or live talk with us. www.norton.com/setup

norton 360 support wrote 6 days 23 hours ago

Your articles help me a lot in all mediums of subjects. blocked drains

Anonymous wrote 1 week 1 hour ago

Thanks for sharing this article
www.office.com/setup

www.office.com/setup wrote 1 week 18 hours ago

Thank you for your blog.Thanks Again. Will read on…
www.office.com/setup

www.office.com/setup wrote 1 week 1 day ago

Thanks for writing such a good article, I stumbled onto your blog and read a few post. I like your style of writing...
position your bedding for maximum comfort

imranuddin wrote 1 week 1 day ago

You guys make it really easy for all the folks out there. regime

Anonymous wrote 1 week 2 days ago

I can see that you are a specialist at your field! I am propelling a site soon, and your data will be extremely valuable for me.. Much obliged for all your help and wishing all of you the accomplishment in your business. abatement

Ashar Seo wrote 1 week 3 days ago

Halo para penggemar Foto Hebohkan Dunia apa sekarang kalian mencari Foto-Foto Seksi Bobotoh Hot kalau memang demikian silahkan klik juga Foto-Foto Seksi Widika Sidmore Hot dan jangan lupa Foto-Foto Seksi Winny Putri Lubis Hot, karena itu juga pasti kalian suka. Kami juga punya Foto-Foto Seksi Chant Felicia Hot dan Foto-Foto Seksi Angela Gilsha Hot itulah sebabnya Hebohkan Dunia membuat artikel Foto-Foto Seksi Pramugari Jepang Hot karena memang banyak yang penasaran dengan Foto-Foto Seksi Diletta Leotta Hot walaupun Foto-Foto Seksi Artis Berkeringat Hot juga sedang naik daun. Sekian dulu ya semoga Foto-Foto Seksi Amel Alvi Hot dan juga Foto-Foto Seksi Kimberly Ryder Hot bisa membantu bagi kamu yang memang mencarinya. -Tim Hebohkan Dunia-

Anonymous wrote 1 week 4 days ago

Hello I want to discuss about Fastbet99.biz website. And for those of you who want to play fastbet99, agen bola, judi online or betting the ball to the right place. Guaranteed safe because you play in a reliable place.

Agen Judi Online
Agen Casino Online
Bandar Bola
Taruhan Bola
Agen SBOBET Terpercaya

Hacker wrote 1 week 5 days ago

Selamat pagi, siang, dan sore oh iya selamat malam juga. Perkenalkan saya Foto Hebohkan Dunia saya sudah membuat artikel yang berjudul Foto-Foto Seksi Artis Berkeringat Hot nah bagaimana kalau anda lihat Foto-Foto Seksi Winny Putri Lubis Hot tentunya juga jangan lupa dengan Foto-Foto Seksi Widika Sidmore Hot, saya tahu itu memang yang banyak dicari. Namun saya juga menyadari bila Foto-Foto Seksi Kimberly Ryder Hot dan Foto-Foto Seksi Angela Gilsha Hot adalah artikel terbaik di Hebohkan Dunia tapi itu menjadikan Foto-Foto Seksi Diletta Leotta Hot menjadi sangat diburu tak terkecuali Foto-Foto Seksi Amel Alvi Hot walaupun Foto-Foto Seksi Chant Felicia Hot juga sedang banyak peminatnya. Mungkin cukup sekian dulu, semoga Foto-Foto Seksi Pramugari Jepang Hot dan juga Foto-Foto Seksi Bobotoh Hot dapat membantu anda yang suka dengan koleksi fotonya. -Tim Hebohkan Dunia-

Anonymous wrote 2 weeks 7 hours ago

Job fit done guys, wellborn content. cccam server

Anonymous wrote 2 weeks 1 day ago

WE PROVIDE HIGH TRUST FLOW AND CITATION FLOW BLOG COMMENTS BACKLINKS WITH ON DA PA Are Citation and Trust flow metrics really a necessary statistic?There was a time when SEO was at a nascent stage and primary metrics such as Google Page Rank mattered a lot in SEO. Today, SEO has advanced far beyond the domain of Page Rank and as such, secondary metrics such as trust flow, domain authority, citation flow, etc., have taken over Google Page Rank in terms of importance as far as ranking in Google is concerned. citation flow

peter wrote 2 weeks 1 day ago

I"ve been surfing online over three hours today, yet I never discovered any fascinating article like yours. It"s really sufficiently worth for me. As I would like to think, if all website admins and bloggers made great substance as you did, the web will be significantly more valuable than any other time in recent memory. festliche kleider

Ashar Seo wrote 2 weeks 4 days ago

Hi I was searching for the blogs for many times, now I have reached at the right place. seo huntingdon services

Ackerley wrote 2 weeks 5 days ago

I am happy you take pride in what you compose. This makes you stand way out from numerous different scholars that push ineffectively composed substance. low cost booklet printing australia

Ashar Seo wrote 2 weeks 5 days ago

xender for pc
Xender Apk
xender for windows
xender for mac

Anonymous wrote 3 weeks 22 hours ago

Incredible review, I'm certain you're getting an extraordinary reaction. Promotional VR Glasses

peter wrote 3 weeks 1 day ago

This Program will dissolve and your old limiting ideals and update them with new, as unbiased without the want to learn something.
15 minute manifestation

Anonymous wrote 3 weeks 1 day ago

I went over this site and I trust you have a considerable measure of great data, spared to my bookmarks buy sound cloud followers

Anonymous wrote 3 weeks 2 days ago

A debt of gratitude is in order for setting aside an ideal opportunity to talk about this, I feel unequivocally about it and affection adapting more on this subject. kit tattoo

peter wrote 3 weeks 2 days ago

moviesare selected, edited, after which pieced collectively to make a new segment cuttbuiltintegrated moviese. A scene ought to show a person gobuilt-ing built-into battle, with flashbacks to his youngsters and to his home-life and with built-introduced computer graphics popcornflixmovies

Anonymous wrote 3 weeks 3 days ago

Awesome post, and incredible site. A debt of gratitude is in order for the data! his secret obsession book review

robinjack wrote 3 weeks 4 days ago

I Will Provide SEO Blog Comment Service. & niche relevant blog comment service we provide a quality service with 100% Buyer satisfaction and My team Believed in Quality work not Quantity Contact me Now 24/7.SEO SERVICE

SEO Service wrote 3 weeks 4 days ago

The main company is Novabrick, I just googled “mortarless brick” and they are the top item.nissan rogue car covers

alex wrote 3 weeks 5 days ago

the top-down action embraced in times of crisis. And yet the ARRA is diffuse in its execution, as it directs stimulus funding to shovel-ready projects in the works by state and local governments. philipiak garnki

philipiak garnki wrote 3 weeks 6 days ago

I'm most definately intrigued by this one. Recently felt that I would post and let you know. go-to travel outfit

muzzi12 wrote 4 weeks 1 day ago

It was thinking about whether I could utilize this review on my other site, I will interface it back to your site though.Great Thanks. 15 minute manifestation

Ashar Seo wrote 4 weeks 2 days ago

These blogs and articles are fully good enough for me.
Denver SEO expert

Alex John wrote 4 weeks 4 days ago

Thanks for the article.
Airdrie Painters

Anonymous wrote 4 weeks 6 days ago

superb information it is Zapya apk, Zapya app to share files and folders,

jack sparr wrote 5 weeks 1 day ago

wow, great, I was wondering how to cure acne naturally. and found your site by google, learned a lot, now i’m a bit clear. I’ve bookmark your site and also add rss. keep us updated.
sleepjunkie

Anonymous wrote 5 weeks 2 days ago

And yet the ARRA is diffuse in its execution, as it directs stimulus funding to shovel-ready projects in the works by state and local governments.
bauchfett verlieren

bauchfett verlieren wrote 5 weeks 5 days ago

I must say, I thought this was a pretty interesting read when it comes to this topic. Liked the material. . .
denim shirts Pakistan

imranuddin wrote 6 weeks 4 hours ago

Hello para penggemar Berita Heboh apa sekarang kalian mencari Foto Jessica Mila dan pacar kalau memang demikian silahkan klik juga Foto Kimberly Ryder Hot dan jangan lupa Foto Amel Alvi Seksi, karena itu juga pasti kalian suka. Kami juga punya Foto Via Vallen Sayang dan Foto Tyas Mirasih Seksi itulah sebabnya Hebohkan Dunia membuat artikel Foto Mariah Carey Mandi Paling Seksi karena memang banyak yang penasaran dengan Foto Natasha Wiloa Ukuran Besar walaupun Foto Winny Putri Lubis Cantik juga sedang naik daun. Sekian dulu ya semoga Foto Alya Dior Tukang Jamu Seksi dan juga Foto Wanita Yakuza Bertato bisa membantu bagi kamu yang memang mencarinya. -Tim Hebohkan Dunia-

Anonymous wrote 6 weeks 7 hours ago

first rate publish. i was checking usually this on-line magazine and i am inspired! To a exceptional diploma beneficial information highly the remaining element I administer to such records a big measure. i used to be seeking out this sure information for quite a while. a great deal obliged to you and proper fortunes. full service seo package

Anonymous wrote 6 weeks 2 days ago

It contains directives and funding from Washington, and it did so with the rhetoric of strong and swift leadership. The ARRA is a stimulus packaged to embody the coordination and integration of the top-down action embraced in times of crisis. minecraft gratuit |
free psn codes

minecraft gratuit | free psn codes wrote 6 weeks 3 days ago

Flat Belly Overnight By Andrew Raposo is an outstanding tricks and tips for who struggling with belly fat. Flat Belly Overnight system provide some trick to lose 2 pound belly fat by sleeping.

rakib wrote 7 weeks 1 day ago

Much obliged to you for setting aside an ideal opportunity to distribute this data extremely valuable! flat belly overnight scam

Ashar Seo wrote 7 weeks 1 day ago

I am unable to read articles online very often, but I’m glad I did today. This is very well written and your points are well-expressed. Please, don’t ever stop writing. free tour Stockholm

peter wrote 7 weeks 2 days ago

Tattoos

Tattoos wrote 7 weeks 5 days ago

Add A Comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <img> <div> <pre> <address> <h1> <h2> <h3> <h4> <h5> <h6> <blockquote> <p>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Use <bib>citekey</bib> or [bib]citekey[/bib] to insert automatically numbered references.

More information about formatting options

By submitting this form, you accept the Mollom privacy policy.